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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Omaha System
Patrilineal equivalent of the Crown; the line of mother's patrilineal kin is equated across generations
The splitting of descent groups into two or more descent groups.
Ambilocal residence?
A couple may choose whether to live with the matri or patrilocal residence.
The ability to change one's class position
Each group that results from a division of a society into two halves on the basis of descent.
Group marriage?
a marriage where many men and many women have sexual access to each other.
Neolocal residence
A pattern in which a married couple may establish their household in a location apart of either their patri or matri relatives.
a residential kin group based on a woman, her dependent children and at least one male joined through blood relationship.
Age grade?
Organized category based on age, every individual in this set pass through things together as a group.
Affinal Kin?
Relatives by marriage
Incest Taboo
The prohibition of sexual relations between specified individuals, usually parent/child and siblings at a minimum
as per the Nayar: everyone stays "home"
Ambilineal Descent?
Descent through wich the individual may associte with either the mother or the father.
Age Sets?
Groups of persons initiated into an age grade at a specific time, and who move through a series of categories together (ie "Warriors" and "Elders"
MArriage outside group.
Lineal (eskimo) system
Emphasizes nuclear family by specifically identifying mother, brother, father, sister, while lumping together everyone else into broad categories such as "aunt" or "uncle"
stratified society?
division of society into two or more categories of people who do not share equally in the basic resources that support life, influence and prestige
Open class societies
Stratified societies that permit a great deal of social mobility
a transaction and resulting contract in which a man and a woman are recognized by a society as having a claim to the right of sexual access to one another and in which the woman is eligible to bear children.
A married couple resides with the husbands - mothers - brothers residence (Trobrianders).
Patrilineal descent
Descent is traced exclusively through the male line for purposes of group membership
Bride Service?
A designated period of time after marriage where the groom works for the brides parents.
Patrilateral Parallel Cousin Marriage
Marriage of a man to his father's brother's daughter, or a woman to her father's brother's son. [i.e. to a parallel cousin on the paternal side].
Matrilocal residence?
a married couple lives in the locality associated with the wife's relatives
Egalitarian societies.
A society where there are as many imprtant positons exist as there are people.
Forms of the family?
Extended family.
a collection of nuclear families, related by ties of blood, that live in one house.
Marriage within a group,
unilineal descent group composed of two more clans that claim to be of common ancestry. IF THERE ARE ONLY TWO SUCH GROUPS, EACH IS A MOIETY.
Patrilocal residence
A residence pattern in which a married couple lies in the locality associated with the husband's father's relatives
Bride Price?
Compensation paid ny the goom or the grooms parents to the family of the bride,
Serial Monogamy
a marriage form in which a man or woman marries a series of partners in succession
Social class
a set of families that enjoy equal or nearly equal prestige according to the system of evaluation
Descent group?
Any publically recognized social entity such that being a lineal descendent of a particular real or mythological descendent is a criterion for member

Descent Groups organize a society along kinship lines
Clan: [know Totemism]
Phratries and Moieties
Bilateral Descent [Kindred]

Common-interest associations?
Associations not linked by age, kinship, marriage territory, that result in the act of joining.
Matrilineal descent?
Descent is traced exclusively through the female line for purposes of group membership
A Special form of social class where membership is determained at birth, and remains fixed for life.
A non corporate descent group with each member claiming a descent from a sommon anscestor without knowing the exact links to that ancestor.
symobolic indicators
in a stratified society, activities and possessions that are indicative of social class.
a group of consanguineal kin linked by heir relationship to one living individual; includes both maternal and paternal kin.
the belief that people are related to particular animals, plants or natural objects by virtue of descent from common ancestral spirits.
unilineal descent?
descent that established group membership either through the male or female line.
Verbal evaluation:
the way in which people in a stratified society evaluate members of their own society.
marriage in which an individual has a single spouse.
A marriage custom according to which a widow marries a brother of her dead husband
What are three marriage exchanges?
dowry - brides parents pay grooms family
bride service - groom works
bridewaelth - groom or family compenaste brides family.
functions of the family>?
Nurturance of Children
Economic Cooperation
basic residential unit in which economic production, consumption, inheritance, child rearing and shelter are organized and carried out; may or may not be synonymous with family.
a corporate descent group whose members trace their genealogical links to a common ancestor.
MAtrilnial cross cousin marriage?
marriage of a woman to her father's sister's son, or a man to his Mother's brother's daughter. [his cross cousin on the maternal side, her cross cousin on the paternal side].
Crowe System?
Usually associated with matrilineal descent. Fathers sister, and fathers sisters daughters are called by the same term. Mother and mothers sisters are merged under a term. Parallel cousins are merged with brothers and sisters
COnjugal Family?
A family consisting of one (or more) men married to one (or more) women, and their children.
COnjugal bond.
The bond between a man and a woman who are married.
Iroquois System
One's father and father's brother are referred to by a single term, one's mother and mother's sister are referred to by a single term; one's father's sister and one's mother's brother are given separate terms; parallel cousins are classified with brothers and sisters; cross cousins are classified separately, but [unlike Crow and Omaha] not equated with relatives of another generation.
payment of a womans inheritence at the time of her marriage to her or her husband.
Double descent.
descent is traced matrilinealy for some purposes, patrilinealy for others.
Consanguineal kin
Relatives by birth; blood relatives.
Hawiian system?
Kinship reckoning where all kin of the same sex and generation are called the same term.
Consnguine Family?
a Family consisting of related women, their brothers and the offspring of the women.
Descriptive (sudanese) system.
one's fathers, father's brother, and mother's brothers are one term. Mother, mother's sister, and father's sister are one term. Cross cousins are distinguished from each other and from siblings.
nuclear family?
family unit consisting of husband, wife, and dependent children