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30 Cards in this Set

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What stimulates the release of ADH?
•Increased blood osmoticity
•Decreased cardiac output
•Decreased blood volume
•Decreased blood pressure
Nephron:
functional unit of the kidney; 1 mil per kidney
Glomerulus:
inside bowman’s capsule; blood flows through and water, glucose, amino acids, Na, K, Cl and urea leak out
What stays in blood?
RBC, platelets, proteins
Bowman’s Capsule:
blood filter
Capsule Space:
water, glucose, amino acids, Na, K, CL and urea leak into here from glomerulus
Cortex:
1. Renal corpuscle, 2. proximal tubule and 4. distal tube
Medulla:
3. loop of henle, 5. collecting duct
Kidney Pelvis:
goes to bladder
ADH:
kidney tubular H2O absorption
ADH mostly in
distal tubule and collecting duct
Dehydration-
electrolyte balance is disturbed
Electrolytes:
Na+, K+, Cl-, Ca++, Mg++
What body functions depend on electrolytes?
Heart, gastrointestinal system, nerves, muscles, brain, kidneys, liver, all body systems affected
Dehydration signs in horses:
dry mucus membranes, increased hematocrit, sunken eyes, fatigue, high heart rate, high heart rate, high respiratory rate, colic, weak pulse, skin tendering, poor capillary refill time (press gums to cause blanching: 2 sec return time)
What stimulates the release of ADH?
•Increased blood osmoticity
•Decreased cardiac output
•Decreased blood volume
•Decreased blood pressure
Nephron:
functional unit of the kidney; 1 mil per kidney
Glomerulus:
inside bowman’s capsule; blood flows through and water, glucose, amino acids, Na, K, Cl and urea leak out
What stays in blood?
RBC, platelets, proteins
Bowman’s Capsule:
blood filter
Capsule Space:
water, glucose, amino acids, Na, K, CL and urea leak into here from glomerulus
Cortex:
1. Renal corpuscle, 2. proximal tubule and 4. distal tube
Medulla:
3. loop of henle, 5. collecting duct
Kidney Pelvis:
goes to bladder
ADH:
kidney tubular H2O absorption
ADH mostly in
distal tubule and collecting duct
Dehydration-
electrolyte balance is disturbed
Electrolytes:
Na+, K+, Cl-, Ca++, Mg++
What body functions depend on electrolytes?
Heart, gastrointestinal system, nerves, muscles, brain, kidneys, liver, all body systems affected
Dehydration signs in horses:
dry mucus membranes, increased hematocrit, sunken eyes, fatigue, high heart rate, high heart rate, high respiratory rate, colic, weak pulse, skin tendering, poor capillary refill time (press gums to cause blanching: 2 sec return time)