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21 Cards in this Set

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Keratin is
a structural protein: the more disulfide bonds the more rigid the protein
Soft keratin:
skin and callous
Hard keratin:
hair, horns, feathers, beaks, claws
Senility diabetes:
get during old age
Glucose Tolerance Factor (Cr)
*helps glucose get into cell more efficiently
1. Insulin binds to receptor
2. Stimulates Cr movement into cell
3. Cr binds to peptide Apo-LMWCr (Apo-LC)
4. More glucose can enter cell
Insulin:
Latin “insula” = Island
Dr Paul Langerhans
In 1869 discovered pancreas “island”
--> The Endocrine Pancreas
islets of Langerhans
Alpha cell:
produces glucagon --> catabolism
Beta cell:
produes insulin --> anabolism
Delta cell:
Somatostatin
Peptidomimetics:
drugs that mimic peptides and their function in an animal
Somatostatin:
a peptide hormone that inhibits the secretion of other hormones
•Growth hormone (somatotropin)
•Glucagons
•Thyrotropin
•Insulin
•Gastrin
Gastrin
a hormone produced in the cells of the stomach; released after a meal as the pH of stomach rises, once released goes into blood and then back to stomach to stimulate stomach cells to reach HCl to lower pH
Puss:
dead bacteria, cellular debris and white blood cells
Purulent:
“pussy”
Diabetes Melitis:
from latin “mile” (honey/ sweet); they had sweet urine
Diabetes Insipidis:
from latin “insipid” (tasteless)
Type 1 melitis
(juvenile diabetes, exogenous insulin needed)
Type 2 melitis
(adult onset due to diet and lifestyle)
1. low insulin
2. insulin resistance
Insipidis:
(endocrine disorder): Deficient production of ADH (Anti diuretic hormone)
ADH:
produced in the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior pituitary gland