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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Keratin is
a structural protein: the more disulfide bonds the more rigid the protein
Soft keratin:
skin and callous
Hard keratin:
hair, horns, feathers, beaks, claws
Senility diabetes:
get during old age
Glucose Tolerance Factor (Cr)
*helps glucose get into cell more efficiently
1. Insulin binds to receptor
2. Stimulates Cr movement into cell
3. Cr binds to peptide Apo-LMWCr (Apo-LC)
4. More glucose can enter cell
Latin “insula” = Island
Dr Paul Langerhans
In 1869 discovered pancreas “island”
--> The Endocrine Pancreas
islets of Langerhans
Alpha cell:
produces glucagon --> catabolism
Beta cell:
produes insulin --> anabolism
Delta cell:
drugs that mimic peptides and their function in an animal
a peptide hormone that inhibits the secretion of other hormones
•Growth hormone (somatotropin)
a hormone produced in the cells of the stomach; released after a meal as the pH of stomach rises, once released goes into blood and then back to stomach to stimulate stomach cells to reach HCl to lower pH
dead bacteria, cellular debris and white blood cells
Diabetes Melitis:
from latin “mile” (honey/ sweet); they had sweet urine
Diabetes Insipidis:
from latin “insipid” (tasteless)
Type 1 melitis
(juvenile diabetes, exogenous insulin needed)
Type 2 melitis
(adult onset due to diet and lifestyle)
1. low insulin
2. insulin resistance
(endocrine disorder): Deficient production of ADH (Anti diuretic hormone)
produced in the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior pituitary gland