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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The face taht launched 1000 ships
War based on kidnapping of Greek woman. Meaning: The person who set off all the trouble.
3rd great philosopher of ancient Greece. Believed in the Middle class-they knew how to obey and knew how to rule
Author of "The Republic", non sophist, philosopher who disliked teh Athenian democracy. Did not trust the lower classes.
Mathematician who wrote the pythagorean theorem
wrote "The Elements of Geometry"
physician who believed in natural causes of diseases and emphasized hygiene.
Teacher who developed the Socratic Method, later killed for "corrupting the youth". Believer in Absolute Truth.
invented the compound pulley, cylinder screw, and concept of buoyancy
In charge of Parthenon's sculptures. Carved "Athena".
2nd great historian of ancient Greece. Wrote about the Peloponnesian War, rejected the idea that deities played a part in history
Writer of "Historia", believed in supernatural causes of events. Wrote about the Persian War.
wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey during and after Trojan War- 700s BC
A tragedian playwrite who wrote Oedipus Rex.
the first of the great writers of tragedies in the 400s BC. Wrote 90 plays.
leader of Athens in 594 BC. Improved economic conditions.
Philip II
king of Macedonia who died just before the Persian War. Conquered Greek city-states.
Alexander the Great- HERO
Allowed people to continue with beliefs, spread Hellenistic culture, showed some amounts of courage, had excellent miliatry skill and education.
Alexander the Great- VILLAIN
Sold people into slavery, destroyed Persian culture, killed the innocent, tyrant.
Beware of Greeks bearing gifts
stems from "Trojan Horse" strategy. Meaning: Beware of enemies being too nice to you.
He's so full of himself
Narcissus story. Meaning: he only talks about himself.
Caught between a rock and a hard place
Meaning: a situation where you can't win
If looks could kill
Medusa-turned people to stone with evil looks.
Opened up a Pandora's box
started a big problem
Achilles' heel
weakness-Achilles had a weak heel
Herculean effort
too much ambition- in over your head
Two Aegean civilizations taht preceded the Greeks
Minoans and Mycenaeans
Reason why the Greek city-states won the Persian War
They united against the Persians
public square in a Greek polis
fortified hill
Spartan society
revolved around the army and was very proud. Every person was expected to be strong, and if babies were seen to be weak they would be left to die.
Spartan women
Healthy, strong, athletic, free, had more rights than most Greek women but still could not partake in government
Athen's Golden Age
461-429 BC
The reason lotteries were used:
to help determine government leaders. It was helpful because it gave more peopple an opportunity to rule.
Evolution of government in Athens
Historia was about this
The Persian Wars
Hellenistic culture
Greek ideas spread by Alexander the Great
Earliest Greek plays were:
Cause and effect of the Peloponnesian War
Cause: Rivalry between Sparta and Athens; Sparta gives an ultimatum but Athens refuses

Effect: Greek city-states weakened; Sparta wins but is taken over later by Thebes