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33 Cards in this Set

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peninsula
an area of land nearly surrounded by water
harbor
sheltered place along the coast
Mediterranean Sea
A large, almost land locked sea where early civilizations developed.
Crete
a large Greek island and home to the Minoan Civilization
Rhodes
A Greek island lying east of Crete in the Aegean sea.
Attica
A peninsula in east-central Greece where Athens is found.
Peloponnesus
A large mountainous peninsula found on the southern Greek mainland. Home to the Myceneans.
Phoenicia
An ancient seafaring civilization found on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea.
polis
a city state
acropolis
a large hill where city residents could find safety and shelter in times of war
agora
a clearing in the city that served as a marketplace and meeting place.
citizen
a person with certain rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community
oligarchy
a form of government where the richest few citizens make all the decisions.
monarchy
a form of government with a single all powerful ruler like a king.
democracy
A form of government where citizens vote to make decisions in government
colony
a territory or community that is under the control of another country.
Homer
a blind Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and Odyssey
Athens
A powerful city state with a great navy who had a 30 year Golden Age.
Sparta
A city state on the Peloponnesus that was obsessed with their powerful army.
Mount Olympus
The highest mountain in Greece where the Greeks believed the gods and goddesses lived.
assembly
a law making body of a government
jury
a group of citizens chosen to hear evidence and make decisions in a court of law.
philosophy
the search for wisdom and the right way to live
Peloponnesian Wars
wars between Athens and Sparta which weakened both city states
Pericles
an Athenian leader who supported the rights of all citizens and fought during the Peloponnesian Wars
Socrates
A philosopher and teacher. He questioned Athenian values and was put to death.
Plato
A philosopher and student of Socrates. He wrote down what Socrates had taught.
Acropolis
The religious center in Athens. It was larger than most and displayed Athens’ new wealth and power
Parthenon
A stunning temple for Athena found on the Acropolis in Athens
Alexander
A Macedonian prince who conquered Persia and spread the Greek culture as far as the Indus River Valley.
Aristotle
One of the most famous philosophers and one of Alexander's private teachers.
Macedonia
A powerful kingdom to the north of Greece.
Alexandria
A planned city in Egypt named for Alexander, the emperor.