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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pelvic brim is composed of two pectineal and two arcuate lines. T/F
True
True pelvis lies above pelvic brim.T/F
False
True pelvis below pelvic brim, false pelvis above pelvic brim
Anterior sacral foramina pass sacral spinal nerves
False
Pubic symphysis is a synovial joint. T/F
False
Cartilaginous or fibrocartilaginous joint
Female pelvis has more pronounced iliac fossa
False
Male pelvis has pronounced iliac fossa
Lateral pelvic wall consists of obturator internus and piriformis
True
Sacral hiatus is continuous with vertebral canal
True
Sacroiliac joint is true synovial joint
True
Males have more prominent sacral promontory and ischial spines that protrude significantly to pelvic outlet
True
Levator ani and piriformis form pelvic diaphragm
False - levator ani and coccygeus form pelvic diaphragm
Genital hiatus is an opening in urogenital diaphragm
False - its an opening in pelvic diaphragm just anterior to rectum, it transmits urethra in both males and females and vagina also in females
Iliococcygeus muscle is attached to tendinous arch of obturator internus fascia
True
All of the muscles that compose pelvic diaphragm attach to anococcygeal raphe
False - anococcygeal raphe is interdifitation extending from tip of coccyx to anal canal/rectum junction, muscles of pelvic floor insert there (iliococcygeus + pubococcygeus)
Puborectalis is most medial of levator ani muscles
True
Inferior fascia of urogenital diaphragm = perineal membrane
True
Pelvic outlet is completely closed by pelvic diaphragm
False - genital hiatus
Prostate in male and bladder in female are supported by urogenital diaphragm
True
Muscles of pelvic diaphragm elevate pelvic floor
True
Urogenital diaphragms is located medial to ischiopubic rami
True
Musculature of pelvic diaphragm is innervated by nerves from sacral spinal cord levels one and two
False - pelvic diaphragm is supplied by ventral rami of nerves S3 and S4
Cutaneous innervation of perineum is partially accomplished by pudendal nerves
True
Colles fascia = membranous portion of superficial fascia in perineal region
True
Bucks fascia is closely applied to structures found within male superficial perineal space
True
Perineal body (central tendon) represents fusion of muscles found within superficial and deep perineal spaces and muscles muscles found within external anal sphincter
True
Fascial layer of perineum that posesses most integrity is inferior fascia of urogenital diaphragm
True
Deep perineal space contains urogenital diaphragm
True
Sphincters found in urogenital diaphragm are voluntary
True
Portion of ischiorectal fossa is prolonged anteriorly above superior fascia of UG diaphragm
True
Bulbs of vestibule are located in superficial space just beneath bulbospongiosus muscles
True
Greater vestibular glands are located in deep perineal space posterior and lateral to sphincter urethrae
Located in superficial perineal space, just posterior to bulb of vestibule
Bulbs of vestibule fuse to form glans of clitoris
False - crura of clitoris fuse to form glans of clitoris
Ischiocavernosus muscles cover crura of corpus cavernosum
True
Fibers of ischiocavernosus encircle three erectile bodies
False - corpus cavernosum only
Tunica albuginea evenly surrounds all three erectile bodies of penis
False - corpora cavernosa can communicate between each other but cannot communicate with corpus spongiosum.
Muscles surorunding erectile bodies are voluntary
True
Membranous urethra is longest in males
False - penile urethra is longest (membranous, prostatic)
Prepuce and frenulum of clitoris are anterior extensions of labia majora
False
While in UG triangle internal pudendal vessels and dorsal nerve of penis travel within deep perineal space
True
Deep dorsal vein of penis drains to femoral vein
False -drains to prostatic/vesical plexus
Terminal branches of internal pudendal artery are dorsal and deep artery of penis/clitoris
True