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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Define Anatomy
Anatomy is the study of the structure of body parts & their relationship to one another.
Define Gross/Microscopic Anatomy
The study of large body structures visible to the naked eye. (ex. heart, lungs, kidneys)
Big picture
Define Regional Anatomy
In regional anatomy, all the structures in a particular region are examined at the same time. (one approach of gross anatomy)
Same Area
Define Systemic Anatomy
When anatomy is studied system by system (ex. cardiovascular)
Define Surface Anatomy
The study of internal structures as they relate to overlying skin surface. (ex. muscles, blood vessels)
ripped workout
Define Microscopic Anatomy
When structures are too small to be seen with the naked eye.
need special glasses
Define Cytology
The study of cells
Define Histology
The study of tissues
Define Physiology
The study of the function of the body - how all the body parts work/carry out activities.
Process & Procedure
Define Renal Physiology
Kidney function/urine production
Define Neuro Physiology
Workings of the Nervous System
Define Cardiovasuclar Physiology
Function of the heart & blood vessels
Developmental Physiology
Traces structural changes that occur in the body throughout life.
Explain the Principle of Complementarity of Structure and Function
Think FORM & FUNCTION - "Function always reflects structure"
Bones support & protect body organs
Blood flows in one direction, because the heart has valves that prevent backflow.
Lungs are where gas exchange occurs because the wall (alveoli/air sacs) are very thin.
Name the levels of Structural Organization.... (8)
Atoms, Molecule, Organelles, Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems, Human Organism
Define Atoms
Atoms are the building blocks of matter
Define Molecule
Bonded atoms which form larger particles
Define Organelles
Small structures found in a cell.
The basic unit of life. Smallest unit of living things.
Define Tissues
There are 4 types - Tissues are cells that are organized into layers or masses that have a common function.
1st tissue - Epithelium
covers the body surface & lines it's cavities
2nd tissue - Muscle
Muscle provides movement