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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the controlling and communicating system of the body, which sends electrical signals?
Nervous system
What moniters changes in and out of the body?
Sensory input
What processes information, and determines the apporpriate response?
Integration
What responds to change/ info from the sensory division?
Motor Output
What is the integration command center of the body?
CNS
What is the thing that goes between the CNS and the rest of the body?
PNS
What are the two divisions of the PNS?
Motor, sensory
What is the efferent?
Motor division
What is the afferent?
sensory division
What are the two divisions of the motor division?
Somatic NS, autonomic NS
What is the part of the NS that controls voluntary mvmt/control (skeletal musc)?
Somatic NS
What is the part of the NS that is in control of involuntary mvmt/control (visceral motor sys)?
Autonomic NS
What are the two divisions of the Autonomic NS?
Sympathetic, Parasympathetic
Sympathetic or parasympathetic: What controls the "fight or flight" reaction?
sympathetic
Sympathetic or parasympathetic: What is stress induced?
Sympathetic
Sympathetic or parasympathetic: What is associated with excitement, exercise, emergency and embarrassment?
Sympathetic
Sympathetic or parasympathetic: what is associated with "resting and digesting"?
parasympathetic
Sympathetic or parasympathetic: What is rest-induced?
parasympathetic
Sympathetic or parasympathetic: What is associated with digestion, diuresis?
parasympathetic
What is "nerve glue," which supports, insulates, and protects nerves of CNS?
Neuroglia
What makes up half of nerve tissue?
Neuroglia
What controls the chem. environment of nerve cells, protects nerves from toxins in blood?
Astrocytes
What surrounds neuron cellb odies with ganglia?
Satellite cells
What controls the chemical envirentment of the cell?
Satellite cells
What processes information from the motor cortex and sensory receptors?
cerebellum
What provides precise timing/coordination for smooth movements with skeletal muscle?
cerebellum
What is vital for involuntary functions?
brain stem
What are the three main parts of the brain stem?
midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata
What is the large descending motor tracts to spinal cord?
cerebral penducle
What are the fiber tracts connecting the midbrain to the cerebellum?
cerebral penducle
What is the part of the midbrain for visual reflex?
corpora quadrigemina
What is the part of the midbrain for visual reflex?
corpora quadrigemina
What is the part of the midbrain for visual reflex?
corpora quadrigemina
What is the part of the midbrain for visual reflex?
corpora quadrigemina
What is the part of the midbrain for visual reflex?
corpora quadrigemina
What is the part of the midbrain for visual reflex?
corpora quadrigemina
What is the part of the midbrain for visual reflex?
corpora quadrigemina
What is the part of the midbrain for visual reflex?
corpora quadrigemina
What contains the auditory reflex?
corpora quadrigemina
What relays information from the cerebrum to the cerebellum?
Pons
What is the reflex center for respiratory rhythm?
Pons
What is the autonomic center to regulate blood pressure and resp. rhythm, coughing/ sneezing/ vomiting/ hiccupping/ swallowing?
medulla oblongata
What is the inter brain called?
Dienchephalon
What sits atop the brain stem and is encased by the cerebrum?
Dienchephalon
What are the four parts of the dienchephalon?
Thalamus, hypothalamus, pineal gland, choroids plexus?
What is the relay station for sensory impulses?
Thalamus
What mediates sensation and motor activities and helps process memory?
thalamus
What is the autonomic control center?
hypothalamus
What is the emotional response/behavior center?
hypothalamus
What regulates hunger, water balance, thirs, sleep-wake cycles, hormone secretion, etc.?
hypothalamus
What controls the sleep-wake cycle, mood?
pineal gland
What secretes cerebropsinal fluid?
choroids plexus
What is the superior portion of the brain?
cerebral hempisheres
What are the elevated ridges of tissue?
gyri
What are the grooves in the cerebral hemispheres?
fissures
What are the three kinds of functional areas in the cerebral hemispheres?
motor (vol. mvmt)sensory (awareness of sensation), association (integration of info)