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56 Cards in this Set

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Peripheral
Extenstions from the center, away from the center
What is anatomy?
"A cutting up" (Gross Anatomy), understaning component parts, The study of internal and external structuresof the body and the physical relationships among body parts
How has the body evolved homeostasis?
The body has evolved this feedback something that happens will cause something to happen in the future ex. blood drings heat to the surface to radiate heat
What is Homeostatic regulation?
The adjustment to physiological systems to to preserve homeostasis
Central
Toward the center
What is Homeostasis?
Refers to the existence of a stable environment, to survive every organism must maintian homeostasis, it is ablsolutely vital
Medial
Referring to the midline of the body (mesial), Toward the body's longitudinal axis, away from the midsagittal plane
What is systematic anatomy?
The study of the structure of organ systems, such as the skeletal system, muscular system
What is the main theme of Physiology?
Homeostasis
What does ectomy mean?
Taking out
External
Closer to the surface, superficial
What does -itis mean?
Inflamation of
Parietal
Wall of a cavity or walls
What does myo mean?
Made of muscle
What are the three parts of the regulatory system?
1. A receptor sensitive to env. change (stimulus)
2. A control center (integrationcenter) which recieves and processesthe info supplied by the receptor
3. An effector, a cell or organ that responds to the commands of the control center and whose activity oppses or enhances the stimulus
What is disection?
"To cut apart"
Internal
Deeper within, more internal
What is cytology?
The study of one cell or a group of similar cells, microscopic study of cells

What is anabolism?
Enzyme activity making proteins from amino acids or hemoglobin
What is gross anatomy?

Anatomy on a macroscopic level, involves the examination of relatively large srtuctures
What is negative feedback?
An effector activated by the control center either opposes or eliminates the stimulus
ex. pregnancy during pregnancy, birth control
What is Embryology?
The study of embyonic development focusing on the first 2 months after ferilization
Superior
upper most, above, at higher level, in humans toward the head
What is apoptosis?
Programmed cell death
What is the control center for thrmoregulation?
Hypothalamus
What is Histology?
Microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues
What is the primary mechanism for Homeostatic regulaiton?
Negative Feedback-It provides long term control over internal conditions and systems
What are the levels of Organization?
Organism level
Organ System level
Organ level
Tissue level
Cellular level
Chemical or molecular level
What is positive feedback?
The initial stimulus produces a response that exaggerates or enhances it's effects ex. distortion of the uterus leads to further distortion (labor)
What is developmental anatomy?
Deals with the changes in form that occur during the period b/w conception and physical maturity
What is metabolism?
All the chemical events occuring within the living unit
What is an Organ system?
Groups of organs that function together in a coordinated manner
Lateral
Farther from the midline, awat from the body's longitudinal axis, toward the midsgittal plane
What does endo- mean?
Inside
What do cells have to have to survive?
A constant environment
What does peri- mean?
around
What is extrinsic regulation?
Results from activities of the nervous or endocrine system, two organ systems that adjust or control the activities of many systems simultaneously
What is physiology?
The study of the function of anatomical structures, human physiology is the study of the functions of the human body
Proximal
Near the origin, point of attachment,
What does -al mean?
Pertaining to...
Inferior
Below, at a lower level
What is Necrosis?
Cells that die due to old age
Cranial
refring to the head, the head, cranial case
What is the anatomic posistion?
Standing w/ palms forward
Cephalad
Toward the head
What does otomy mean?
Disconnect
Rostral
The nose
Distal
Farther from the origin or point of attachment
Saggittal Plane
Separates right and left protions
What is Catabolism?
Enzyme activity that breaks down something from larger to smaller ex. digestion
What is Autoregualtion (intrinsic regulation)?
Occurs when the activities of a cell, tissue, organ, or organ system adjust automatically in responce to some environmental change
Caudad
Referring to the tail (caudal)
Posterior (dorsal)
The back
What are hormones?
Chemical messengers
Visceral
Tissue or organs within the cavity
Anterior (ventral)
The front, belly side