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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abduct
to move a limb away from the midline of the body
adduct
to move a limb toward the midline of the body
aponeurosis
flat, sheetlike tendon
depress
to move a part inferiorly such as opening the jaws
extend
to straighten one part relative to another
flex
to bend one part relative to another
head
the part of the muscle that takes part in its organ
insertion
attachment size that moves relative to the origin
levate
to move a part superiorly such as closing the jaws
ligament
connective tissue band or sheet joining bone to bone
origin
relative fixed size of muscle attachment
protract
to extend or protrude a part
retract
to draw back or pull in a part
tendon
connective tissue band joining muscle to bone
depression and flexion in fish
synonymous with adduction in fish
extension and elevation in fish
synonymous with abduction in fish
flexion in tetrapods
bending a part
extension in tetrapods
straightening a part
protraction in tetrapods
sens a part outward from its base
retraction in tetrapods
pulls back a part that has moved outward from its base
opening the jaws
depression or abduction
closing the jaws
elevation, levation, or adduction
pectoral extensors
O scapular process and adjacent fascia
I radials and ceratotrichia
F elevation pectoral fin
pectoral flexors
O coracoid bar
I radials and ceratotrichia
F depresses pectoral fin
pelvic extensors superficial part
O iliac process of puboischiac bar
I radials and ceratotrichia
F elevates pelvic fin
pelvic flexors proximal part
O linea alba and puboischiac bar
I metapterygium
F depresses pelvic fin
adductor mandibulae
O posterior part of the palatoquadrate cartilage
I Meckel's cartilage
F closes the mouth
dorsal and ventral constrictors 3-6
O vertical raphe
I vertical raphe
F compresses gill pouches
interhyoideus
O midventral raphe
I ceratohyal
F compresses gill pouches
intermandibularis
O Meckel's cartilage and fascia of the adductor mandibulae
I midventral raphe
F raises the floor of the mouth
levator hyomandibulae
O otic capsule
I hyomandibular
F compresses gill pouches
spiracularis
O otic capsule
I palatoquadrate cartilage
F elevates the palatoquadrate
cucullaris
O dorsal longitudinal bundle fascia
I epibranchial cartilage and scapular process
F elevates the gill arches and pectoral girdle
levator palatoquadrati
O otic capsule
I palatoquadrate cartilage
F raises the upper jaw
common coracoarcuals
O coracoid bar
I coracohyoid
F opens the mouth
coracomandibularis
O fascia of common coracoarcuals
I Meckel's cartilage
F opens the mouth
coracohyoid
O common coracoarcuals
I basihyal
F opens the mouth
Start Necturs
pectoralis
O linea alba and coracoid cartilage
I humerus
F adducts forelimb
procoracohumeralis
O procoracoid cartilage
I humerus
F draws humerus craniad
supracoracoideus
O coracoid cartilage
I humerus
F adducts forelimb
brachiohyoideus
O first branchial arch
I ceratohyal cartilage
F moves branchial arches and hyoid
geniohyoid
O medial mandible
I second basibranchial cartilage
F depresses lower jaw and draws hyoid cranially
interhyoideus
O fascia covering the brachiohyoideus
I median raphe
F elevates floor of throat
intermandibularis
O rami of mandible
I median raphe
F elevates floor of throat
rectus cervicis
O rectus abdominis
I branchial cartilages
F retracts tongue and lowers head
triceps branchii
O glenoid fossa, humerus, and coracoid cartilage
I ulna
F extends forearm
levator mandibulae anterior
O frontal and parietal bones
I lateral dentary
F elevates lower jaw
levator mandubulae externus
O frontal and parietal bones
I lateral dentary
F elevates lower jaw
dorsalis scapulae
O suprascapular cartilage
I humerus
F elevates the forelimb
latissimus dorsi
O fascia of epibranchial muscles
I shoulder and proximal end of humerus
F draws humerus caudad
dosalis trunci
O myosepta and transverse processes of vertebrae
I myosepta and transverse processes of vertebrae
F flexes the vertebral column laterally
external oblique
O transverse process of trunk vertebrae
I connective tissue of rectus abdominis
F compresses the coelom and flexes and rotates the trunk
internal oblique
O transverse process of trunk vertebrae
I connective tissue of rectus abdominis
F compresses the coelom and flexes and rotates the trunk
rectus abdominis
O anterior margin of the puboischiac plate
I rectus cervicis
F flexes the trunk ventrally
pubo-ischio-femoralis externus
O puboischiac plate
I femur
F adducts the hindlimb
pubo-ischio-tibialis
O posterior puboischiac plate
I tibia
F adducts the hindlimb