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89 Cards in this Set

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All of the following would be found in normal urine except:
Water, Sodium Ions, Glucose, Urea, Creatinin
Glucose
All are functions of the human kidney except:
Urea formation, Hormone production, Osmoregulation, Salt reabsorption, pH regulation
Urea formation
Toxic levels of this chemical can develop in the body because the kidney cannot remove it.
Lead
The kidney controls blood pH by regulating this ion
Hydronium
This hormone helps prevent dehydration by controlling water reabsorption
Anti-Diuretic hormone
These structures are between the pyramids, but part of the renal cortex
Renal columns
This endocrine gland is located inside the pancreas
Islets of langerhans
Which of the following normally does not push blood into Bowman's capsule?
Colloidal pressure
This structure transports urine from the body
Urethra
This portion of the nephron would be the site of water reabsorption
Loop of Henle
T or f: Protein hormones are slow to initiate action, but cause long term changes
False
T or f: Hormones are secreted directly into thbe blood stream
True
T or F: Synporters transport chemicals in opposite directions of pumped ions.
False
T or F: The afferent arteriole brings blood to an individual nephron
True
T or F: Renal sinuses are typically filled with adipose tissue (fat)
True
T ot F: Podocutes control the size of material filtered during urine formation
False
T or F: Most of selective reabsorption is conducted via active transport
False
T or F: Drinking alcohol when thirsty can lead to dehydration
True
T or F: Aldosterone shuts off ANF production
False
T or F: During selective reabsorption, chemicals such as uric acid and caffeine are removed.
False
These structures prevent blood from flowing to the heart from an artery.
Semilunar valves
These cells give rise to thrombocytes
Megakaryocytes
The circulatory system transports all the following, except
Bone Marrow
This large vein brings coronary system blood back to the right atrium
Coronary Sinus
Chrodae tendinae and papillary muscles hold these structures open
Atrioventricular valves
All the folling aould be derived from mylodi stem cells except:
Erythrocytes, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Thrombocytes, Reticulocytes
Lymphocytes
The outermost protective covering of the heart.
Pericardial sac
This chemical helps block viral reproduction in the body
Interferon
This chemical initiates a blood clotting reaction
Protrombin activator
This aretery carries blood to the entire body except the lungs.
Aorta
T or F: Blood from the body would enter the heart into the right atrium
True
T or F: Osmotic pressure forces water into the capillary at the arterial end.
False
T or F: A type O negative person can give blood to a type AB positive person.
True
T or F: The sinoatrial node initiates a heart beat.
True
T or F: The ligmentum arteriosum connects arteries to veins.
False
T or F: An embolus is a stationary blood clot
False
T or F: Oxygen will diffuse in the middle portion of a capillary bed
True
T or F: Veins are composed of a thin muscle wall and two layers of elastic
False
T or F: Arteries differ from veins by transporting oxygenated blood
False
T or F: The ventricles rest while the atria contract
True
Produces lymphokines during an infection
Helper T-Lymphocyte
Allergic reactions; turn blue with specific dye
Basophil
Produce antibodies to fight bacterial infections
Plasma Cells
Dead, broken cells used to clot blood
Thrombocyte
Allergic reactions; turn red with specific dye
Eosinophil
Can leave circulatory system to fight infections
Neutrophil
Transport oxygen; contain no nucleus
Erythrocyte
Destroy viral infections
Killer T-:ymphocyte
Become plasma cells during bacterial infections
B-Lymphocyte
Turns off immune system after infection is clear
Supressor T-Lymphocyte
Become macrophages during infections
Monocyte
Strengthen immune system after viral infections
Memory T-lymphocyte
All the following would be derived form mesoderm, except: Bones, Muscle, Nerves, Blood, Cartilage
Nerves
This femal structure is the typical site of fertilization
Fallopian tube
These follicles are present in the ovaries during fetal development
Primordial
Sperm production occurs in this portion of the testes
Seminiferous tubules
Penile erection typically begins during this phase of sexual response
Arousal
This portion of the mammary glands produces milk
Alveoli
This structure attaches the ovaries to the uterus so they cannot move freely in the abdomen
Ovarian ligament
This structure is the outermost part of the female reproductive system
Vulva
This structure prevents urine release during a male erection
Bulb of the penis
This structure gives rise to the fetal placenta
chorion
T or F: Males cannot produce sperm during the refractory period
False
T or F: Follicles are typically found in the ovarian cortex
True
T or F: Endometrial thickening will occur during the post-ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle
True
T or F: Extraembryonic mesoderm will give rise to the umbilical corh
True
T or F: Ovulation occurs immediately after the onset of progesterone production
False
T or F: Typically, follicles continue to develop during a pregnancy, but ovulation does not occur
False
T or F: The theca are the outer covering of a follicle
True
T or F: Glands in the vestibule of the vulva produce fluid to aid in lubrication for intercourse
True
T or F: The embryonic disc contains ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm, but no organs
False
T or F: The amnion is derived from ectoderm
True
Mane counterpart to Vestibular Lining
Membranous Urethra
Male Version of Oviduct, Uterus, Vagina
Vas Deferens
Male version of Ovum
Sperm
Male version of Greater vestibular glands
Cowper's gland
Male version of Fimbrae
Epididymis
Male version of Paraurethral gland
Prostate gland
Male version of Clitoris
Penis
Male version of ovary
Testis
Male version of labia majora
Scrotum
Male version of labia minora
Spongy urethra
Functions of the nervous system
1) Transmit signals (impulses)
2)Detect changes in environ. (stimulus)
3)React to stimulus
4)"Learns" (remember stimulus)
Single nervous tissue cell
neuron
cluster of neurons serving a particular location in the body
nerve
Carry signal from one neuron to another
Interneurons
Motor Neuron

Sensory Neuron
Reacts

Detects
Path of info in a reaction
sensory neurons detect, interneurons carry signal to other neurons, then motor neurons react, then interneurons send to brain, then interneurons to each other in brain, then send inter down to tell me not to do that again
Flow of imppulses
Dendrite to axon