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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 5 functions of bones?
support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation,
demse, smooth, homogeneous
compact osseous tissue
small needlelike peces and lots of open space (lightweight and durable)
spongy osseous tissues
longer than they are wide, shaft with ends; mostly made of compact tissue
Long bones
cube shaped; made of spongy tissue
Short bones
thin, flat, and curved; 2 layers of compact sandwiching spongy bone
Flat bones
out of the normal; ex: vertebrae, hip bones
Irregular bones
shaft that makes up a bone's length
made of _____
diaphysis; compact bone
shaft is covered by a protective tissue called:
periosteum
fibers hold covering of shaft
sharpey's fibers; performating fibers
ends of the shaft of the long bone
made of ___
epiphyses
compact bone enlosing spongy bone
epiphyses is covered by
articular cartilage
storage area for adipose tissue
medullary cavity
forms blood cells
red bone marrow
projections, depressions
bone markings
mature bone cells
osteocytes
cavities that hold the osteocytes
lacunae
concentric circles around cavities
lamellae
"bone unit"=
osteon
location of blood vessels and nerve cells in a osteon
central canal
tiny canals
canaliculi
makes bones strong
calcium
adds extra strength and flexibility
collagen fibers