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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the study of internal and external structures of the body and the physical relationships among body parts
anatomy
the study of how organisms perform their vital functions
physiology
the examination of relatively large structures and features usually visible with the unaided eye
gross/macroscopic anatomy
macro anatomy of general form and superficial markings
surface anatomy
macro anatomy of anatomical organization
regional anatomy
macro anatomy study of structure of organ systems
systemic anatomy
groups of organs that function together in a coordinated manner
organ systems
macro anatomy that covers the changes that occur between conception and physical maturity
developmental anatomy
study of early developmental processes (first 2 months)
embryology
anatomy dealing with structures that require a microscope to see
microscopic anatomy
the analysis of individual cells
cytology
the simplest units of life
cells
the examination of tissues
histology
a combination and organization of tissues into a conglomerate
organ
the study of functions of cells
cell physiology
the study of physiology of specific organs
special physiology
the physiological study of organ systems
systemic physiology
the study of diseases on organs or system functions
pathological physiology
lowest level of organization
atomic level
second level of organization
chemical or molecular level
level of organization involving the interactions of molecules to form cells and organelles; the smallest living units in the body
cell level
level of organization involving the interactions of cells performing one or more specific functions
tissue level
level of organization involving two or more tissues working in combination to perform specific functions
organ level
level of organization involving the interaction between organs
organ system level
level of organization involving all organ systems of the body working together to maintain life and health
organism level
the organs of this system function in protecting against environmental hazards, regulating body temperature, and providing sensory information
integumentary system
the organs of this system include skin, hair, nails, sweats glands
integumentary system
the organs of this system functino in providing support and protection for other tissues, storing calcium and other minerals, and forming blood cells
skeletal system
the organs of this system include bones, cartilages, associated ligaments, bone marrow
skeletal system
the organs of this system include skeletal muscles and associated tendons and aponeuroses
muscular system
the organs of this system function in providing movement, protection and support for other tissues, generating heat and maintaining body temps
muscular system
the organs of this system include the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, sense organs
nervous system
the organs of this system function in directing immediate responses to stimuli, coordinating or moderating activity in other organ systems, provides and interprets sensory information about external and internal conditions
nervous system
the organs of this system include pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, gonads
endocrine system
the organs of this system funtion in directing long term changes in the activities of other organ systems, adjusting metabolic activity, controls structural and functional changes during development
endocrine system
the organs of this system are the heart, blood vessels, blood
cardiovascular system
the organs of this system function in distributing blood cells, water, nutrients, heat, etc.
cardiovascular system
the organs of this system include the spleen, thymus, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, lymph nodes
lymphatic system
the organs of this system function in defending against infection and disease and returning tissue fluids to the bloodstream
lymphatic system
the organs of this system include lungs, alveoli, bronchi, trachea, sinuses, nasal cavities, larynx
respiratory system
the organs of this system funtion in delivering air to alveoli where gas exchange occurs, providing oxygen to bloodstream, removing CO2 from bloodstream, producing sounds for communication
respiratory system
the organs of this system include the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
urinary system
the organs of this system function in excreting wastes from blood, controlling water balance, storing urine, regulating blood ion concentrations and pH
urinary system
the organs of this system include testes, penis, ovaries, vagina, mammary glands
reproductive system
the organs of this system function in producing sex-specific hormones and reproductive gametes
reproductive system
the existence of a stable internal environment
homeostasis
the existence of a stable internal environment
homeostasis
the existence of a stable internal environment
homeostasis
when the activities of a cell, tissue, organ , or organ system adjust automatically in response to some environmental change
autoregulation/intrinsic regulation
when the activities of a cell, tissue, organ , or organ system adjust automatically in response to some environmental change
autoregulation/intrinsic regulation
when the activities of a cell, tissue, organ , or organ system adjust automatically in response to some environmental change
autoregulation/intrinsic regulation
results from the activites of the nervous system or endocrine system to adjust some function of the body
extrinsic regulation
results from the activites of the nervous system or endocrine system to adjust some function of the body
extrinsic regulation
results from the activites of the nervous system or endocrine system to adjust some function of the body
extrinsic regulation
a sensor that is sensitive to a particular change in environment or stimulus
receptor
integration center which receives and processes information supplied by a receptor
control center
a sensor that is sensitive to a particular change in environment or stimulus
receptor
a sensor that is sensitive to a particular change in environment or stimulus
receptor
integration center which receives and processes information supplied by a receptor
control center
a cell or organ that responds to the commands of the control center
effector
integration center which receives and processes information supplied by a receptor
control center
a variation outside the desired range triggers an automatic response that corrects the situation
negative feedback
a cell or organ that responds to the commands of the control center
effector
a cell or organ that responds to the commands of the control center
effector
a variation outside the desired range triggers an automatic response that corrects the situation
negative feedback
initial stimulus produces a response that exaggerates or enhances the change in original conditions
positive feedback
a variation outside the desired range triggers an automatic response that corrects the situation
negative feedback
initial stimulus produces a response that exaggerates or enhances the change in original conditions
positive feedback
initial stimulus produces a response that exaggerates or enhances the change in original conditions
positive feedback
the human form is generally shown in ___ when dealing with anatomical illustrations
anatomical position
the human form is generally shown in ___ when dealing with anatomical illustrations
anatomical position
the human form is generally shown in ___ when dealing with anatomical illustrations
anatomical position
a person laying down in the anatomical position is said to be ___ when face up
supine
a person laying down in the anatomical position is said to be ___ when face up
supine
a person laying down in the anatomical position is said to be ___ when face down
prone
a person laying down in the anatomical position is said to be ___ when face up
supine
a person laying down in the anatomical position is said to be ___ when face down
prone
a person laying down in the anatomical position is said to be ___ when face down
prone