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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Study of structure and how it works
Anatomy
Study of function
Physiology
Structure you can see only with a microscope
Gross Anatomy
Anatomy seen only with a microscope
Microscopic anatomy
On stomach
Prone
On back
Supine
Process where food is used by a living organism
Metabolism
Type of metabolism; Changes complex compounds to simple compounds with a release of energy
Catabolism
Smallest particle of a pure substance (element) that still has the properties of that substance
Atoms
particle of matter composed of one or more smaller units of atoms
molecules
smallest living unit of structure and function
cells
composed of many similar cells that act together to form a common function
tissues
compose of at least 2 different types of tissues arranged to perform a specific function
organs
most complex unit. An organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs to perform complex functions.
systems
R Hypo Epigastric L Hypo
R Lumbar umbilical L lumb
R Iliac hypogast L iliac
9 regions of the abdomen
Right upper Left upper


Right lower Left Lower
4 quadrants of the abdomen
1. Body erect or standing
2. Facing the observer
3. Arms at the side
4. Palms turned forward
5. Toes turned forward
Anatomical Function
toward the head
superior/cephalic
toward the feet
inferior/caudal
toward the imaginary body midline
medial
toward or near trunk or point of attachment
proximal
away from the trunk or point of origin
distal
near the surface
superficial
divides body side to side
(left and right)
sagittal plane
divides body front and back
frontal plane
divides body top and bottom
transverse
unique sagittal that divides body equally into left and right
midsagittal
What does the Thoracis cavity contain?
Mediastinum-midportion of the thoracic cavity
Heart
Trachea
What does the Pleural cavity contain?
Right lung in right pleural cavity.

Left lung in left pleural cavity
The Abdominopelvic cavity contains what?
Abdominal contains stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and pancreas. Pelvic contains reproductive organs, urinary bladder, sigmoid colon, rectum and bladder, abdominopelvic regions: 9 regions and 4 quadrants
Cranial cavity contains what?
brain
Spinal cavity contains what?
spinal cord
Explain homeostasis.
relative constancy of the internal body environment
Plasma membrane is also known as what?
cell membrane, cell wall
Cytoplasm?
Lies between cell membrane and nucleus. 65% water.
Where organelles are located.
The organelle ribosomes structure?
Tiny particles;some attached to Endoplasmic reticulum;some loose in cytoplasm
The organelle ribosomes function?
Synthesize proteins; protein factories. Make enzyme
The organelle Endoplasmic reticulum (ER structure?
Network of canals and sacs;rough ER has robosomes attached;rough ER does not.