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84 Cards in this Set

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Anatomy is ----
the study of the structure of the body parts
physiology
the study of the function of the body
Gross or macroscopic
the study of large body structures that can be seen by the eye
what are the four basic types of tissues?
epithelium
connective
muscular
nervous
what makes up molecules?
carbon
hydrogen
nitrogen
system that includes hair, skin, nails?
integumentary system
system that includes glands and hormones
endocrine system
what is the chemical reation that occurs within our cells?
metabolism
--- is tearing down substances into building blocks
catabolism
all chemicle reatctions int he body that release energy require what?
oxygen
water makes up what % of our body weight
60-80%
how do we lose water from our body?
feces
urine
sweat
breathing
what four things do an organism need to survive?
oxygen
water
nutrients
normal body temp.
what organs will die first with the lack of proper oxygen to the body?
brain
heart
how much of the air we breath is oxygen?
20%
Normal body temp
98.6 F or 36 C
anything that takes up space and has mass
matter
T or F the mass of an object never changes but the weight can because of gravity
true
what are the 3 states of matter?
Solids
liquids
gasses
Definition of Energy
the capacity to do work or put matter into motion
2 forms of energy
Kinetic
potential
What is kinetic energy?
Energy in motion, such a bouncing a ball, or pushing a broom
what is potential energy?
Energy that is stored such as a battery
what is ATP
usable energy foods are broken down from glucose to ATP to be able to be used in the cells
what is glucose?
Blood sugar
what kind of energy is used in all the nerves?
electrical energy
When a person is pedaling a bike, what kind of energy is being used?
Mechanical Energy
What energy in the body travels in waves?
electromagnetic energy
Salts are a compound that contain any ions except what 2 ions?
hydrogen and hydroxide
What is the PH of human blood?
7.4 is the ph of the human blood
solution with a PH below 7 are what
acidic
solution with a PH above 7 are what
alkaline
what detects even slight changes in the PH of blood
Buffer
What is the name of a simple sugars (one-sugar)
monosaccharides
what is the sugar portion of DNA
Deoxyribose
What is the natural sugar in milk?
Galactose
what is the natural sugar in fruit?
Fructose
What is the name for double sugars-when two monosacchorides come together
Disaccharides
Name for many sugars
polysaccharides
Another name for Lipids
Fats
What kind of fat is known for clogging the arteries?
Saturated fats
what is the most important type of steroid in the body?
Cholesterol
what are some examples of steroids in the body?
sex hormones
vitamin D
cholesteral
Eicosanoids are a group of molecules that come from fatty acids within all cell membranes- what are the most important elcosanoids?
prostaglandins
proteins make up what % of the cell mass
10 - 30 %
Proteins in the cell mass are mostly known for what abilities?
structural abilities
proteins are classified by their apperance and shape as what two types?
fibrous proteins
globular proteins
What is the single most abundant protein in the body and what type of tissue is it found in?
Collagen and it is found in the connective tissues
Globular protein are also refered to as what kind of protein
functional because they play crucial roles in almost all biological processes
what are the largest molecules in the body?
Nucleic acids
When glucose is converted to ATP what is this called?
Cellular respiration= which is in the form of usable energy for our cells
What are characteristics of a base? such as soap?
Slippery and have a bitter taste
what are characteristics of an acid?
they are sour and they aid in digestion
Why was the PH scale invented?
to check alcoholic products to make sure bacteria would spoil them. it runs on a scale of 0-14
Acidosis is most common in what kind of patients?
Diabeties
buccal
cheek
mental
chin
occipital
back of head
cervical
neck
acromial
point of the shoulder
scapular
shoulder blades
lumbar
lower back
sacral
between the hips
gluteal
buttock
thoracic
chest
axillary
armpit
inguinal
groin
brachial
arm
antebrachial
forearm
olecranal
back of elbow
pollex
thumb
palmar
palm
femoral
thigh
popliteal
back of the knee
patellar
front of the knee
crural
lower leg
sural
calf
pedal
foot
tarsal
ankle
digitals
toes or finger
hallux
big toe
calcaneal
heel
plantar
sole of foot
coxal
hhip