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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
EQUILIBRIUM
RATIO OF PRODUCTS TO REACTANTS IS STABLE
METABOLISM
ALL THE CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN THE BODY
CATABOLISM
CONSISTS OF ENERGY RELEASING DECOMPOSTION REACTIONS; SUCH REACTIONS BREAK COVALENT BONDS PRODUCE SMALLER MOLECULES FROM LARGER ONES
EXERGONIC
ENERGY RELEASING REACTIONS
ANABOLISM
ENERGY STORING SYNTHESIS REACTIONS SUCH AS THE PRODUCTION OF PROTEIN OR FAT
OXIDATION
ANY CHEMICAL REACTION IN WHICH A MOLECULE GIVES UP ELECTRONS AND RELEASES ENERGY
REDUCTION
CHEMICAL REACTION IN WHICH A MOLECULE GAINS ELECTRONS AND ENERGY
REDUCING AGENT
A MOLECULE THAT DONATES ELECTRONS TO ANOTHER; ALSO CALLED ELECTRON DONOR
WHAT ARE 3 EXERGONIC REACTIONS?
1. OXIDATION
2. DECOMPOSITION
3. CATABOLISM
WHAT ARE THE 3 ENDERGONIC REACTIONS
REDUCTION
SYNTHESIS
ANABOLISM
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
STUDY OF COMPOUNDS OF CARBON
POLYMERS
MOLECULES MADE OF A REPETITIVE SERIES OF IDENTICAL OR SIMILAR SUBUNITS CALLED MONOMERS
MONOMER
ONE OF THE IDENTICAL OR SIMILAR SUBUNITS OF A LARGER MOLECULE IN THE DIMER TO POLYMER RANGE
POLYMERIZATION
JOINING OF MONOMERS TO FORM A POLYMER
HYDROLYSIS
OPPOSITE OF DEHYDRATION
WHAT ARE THE MOST FAMILIAR CARBOHYDRATES
SUGARS AND STARCHES
MONOSACCHARIDES
SIMPLEST CARBOHYDRATES
3 PRIMARY MONOSACCHARIDES OF IMPORTANCE
1. GLUCOSE
2. FRUCTOSE
3 GALACTOSE
RIBOSE
DEOXYRIBOSE
2 MONOSACCHARIDES THAT ARE IMPORTANT COMPONENTS OF DNA AND RNA
DISACCHARIDES
SUGARS COMPOSED OF TWO MONOSACCHARIDES
3 DISACCHARIDES OF IMPORTANCE
SUCROSE
LACTOSE
MALTOSE
SUCROSE IS MADE OF THIS
GLUCOSE + FRUCTOSE
MALTOSE IS MADE OF THIS
GLUCOSE+GLUCOSE
LACTOSE IS MADE OF THIS
GLUCOSE+GALACTOSE
POLYSACCHARDIES
LONG CHAINS OF GLUCOSE
3 POLYSACCHARIDES OF INTEREST TO HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
GLYCOGEN
STARCH
CELLULOSE
ANIMALS AND HUMANS MAKE WHAT KIND OF POLYSACCHARIDES
GLYCOGEN
PLANTS MAKE THESE KINDS OF POLYSACCHARIDES
STARCH AND CELLULOSE
GLYCOGEN
ENERGY STORAGE POLYSACCHARIDE MADE BY CELLS OF THE LIVER, MUSCLES, UTERUS, AND VAGINA
STARCH
CORRESPONDING ENERGY STORAGE POLYSACCHARIDE OF PLANTS
CELLULOSE
STRUCTURAL POLYSACCHARIDE THAT GIVES STRENGTH TO THE CELL WALLS OF PLANTS