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80 Cards in this Set

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endothelium
lines the lumens of the blood vessels, heart, and lymphatic vessels
percadium
heart sac
mesothelium
covers serous membranes
pleural sacs
lungs
mediastinum
blood vessels, esaphagus, and nerves
peritoneum
lining of abdomen
goblet cells
produce mucin
mucus
mucin mixed with water
technical name for skin
Keratinized Stratified Squamous Epithelium
ureters
carries water from kidney to bladder
cilia
hair like projections that move
collagen
white fibers that arrange parallel to one another
stem cells
cells that haven't decided what they want to be
osteocytes
bone cells
haversian
orderly arrangement of osteocytes
Myeloid
Bone Marrow
Leukocytes
white blood cells
Erythrocytes
red blood cells
neuron
cells that conduct electrical currents
neorogical cells
helping cells
motor unit
end of neuron and all muscle cells it innervates
exocrine
have ducts
endocrine
no ducts
sebaceous glands
specialized fatty secretion
sebum
oil on skin
sudoriferous glands
sweat glands
Bursa(e)
fluid filled sacs b/t structures to cut down friction

ex. knee
bursitis
inflammation or irritation of
synovial joints
where 2 bones come together
melanocytes
specialized layers in bottom of skin
melanin
pigment
Langerhan's cells
immune system
vaso constriction
squeezes blood vessel
vaso dialation
opens up blood vessel
arrector pill
muscles pull hair up (chill bumps) because 75% of E is lost as heat
dermis papilla(e)
specialized blood vessels at base of each hair folicle
comedo
zit: large sebacous gland
scar
dense fibrous connective tissue
bulbs of krause
cold
corpuscles of Ruffini
hot
Pacinian corpuscles
pressure
Merkel's disc
fine touch
papillary
top layer of dermis
reticular layer
fatty layer below the papillary layer
blood clot
forms when a cut is in the dermis
scab
blood clot reaches the surface of skin
stitches
take epithelial layers and pull them close together so scar isn't that big
1 degree burn
minor - epithelial layer only
2 degree burn
epithelial layer and upper dermis
3 degree burn
whole skin and deeper
Alimentary Canal
another name for digestive tube; also called Gastro-Intestinal Tract (GI)
Ingestion
taking food into tube
Peristalsis
movement of food through D.T.
Digestion
physical - stomach squeezes
chemical - using enzymes
mouth
oral cavity or buccal cavity
the lips have what type of muscle?
skeletal
orbicularis oris
in lips
vermillion
b/t keratinized and non-keratinized
alveoli
root of tooth
gingivae
gums
mucus membrane
whole mouth
dentin(e)
material inside tooth
Incisors
flat, chisel shape tooth used for nipping off food
Canines
pointy teeth used to tear food
Premolers
ridges on top used for chewing
Molers
more ridges also used for chewing
diphyodont dentition
2 sets of teeth
decidous teeth
baby teeth
permanent
adult teeth
dental formula for children
2-1-0-2
dental formula for adults
2-1-2-3
cementum
connects tooth to bone; also called Peridontal ligament
mastication
chewing food
abcess
bacteria gets into enamel and a large infection in bone, below tooth
Root Canal Therapy
remove root canal and fill to restore to normal looking ... dead tooth
calculus
plaque becomes tarter
gingivitis
bleeding gums
gum retraction
prolonged gingivitis
osteoclasts
cells that destroy bone marrow
Peridontal disease
prolonged gum retraction: teeth fall out ... can be prevented by flossing