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117 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
superior
higher
anterior
lower
anterior/ventral
front
dorsal/ventral
back
lateral
farther from axis
medial
closer to axis
superficial
closer to surface
deep
farther from surface
proximal
closer to joint
distal
farther from joint
sagittal
splitting into right/left
coronal
(frontal) into front/back
transverse
top/bottom
super-, epi-, hyper-
above, on top
inter-
between
infra-, sub-, hypo-
under, below
extra-, exo-
outside
intra-, endo-
inside
cranio-, cranial-
skull case, skull head
vascular
blood vessels
pectoral
shoulders
pelvic
hip region
osseous ossified
bone tissue
chondra, chondral
cartilage
cervical
neck (can be neck of uterus)
inguinal
groin
orbit, orbital
eye, side of skull
buccal oral
cheek, mouth cavity
integumentary
skin
muscular
skeletal muscles
skeletal
bones and joints
nervous
brain and spine, nerves
endocrine
endocrine glands
digestive
stomach, intestines
circulatory
heart and blood vessels
respiratory
lungs and air passages
urinary
kidneys and bladder
reproductive
male and female reproductive organs, genital
tissue
group of similar cells and the non cellular matrix
epithelium
lining and covering tissue, lines hollow organs, very little matrix
muscular
specialized to produce force, surround hollow organs
nervous
sends signals
connective
everything else
squamous
flat
cuboid
block shaped
columnar
tall and narrow
simple
single layer
stratified
several layers
simple cuboidal
ducts of glands, tubules of kidneys
simple columnar
small intestine
stratified squamous
oral cavity, rectum
simple squamous
alveoli of lungs
connective tissue proper
connect structures and fill in space, lots of matrix
loose (areolar) connective tissue
scattered fibers, weak, body's packing material
dense irregular connective tissue
every which way, dermis of skin
dense regular connective tissue
parallel fibers (collagen), tendons and ligaments
adipose
fat cells
supporting connective tissue
stiff rigid, framework and shape for body
cartilage
stiff but flexible, arrangement of protein fibers (no blood)
hyaline:glassy elastic: flexible fibrous: shock absorbing
bone
hardest and stiffest tissue, matrix filled with calcium, rich blood supply, dense or spongy
blood
fluid connective tissue
muscular tissue
force and movement, always pulling
skeletal muscle
attached to bone, moves skeleton, only consciously controlled,
cardiac muscle
striated cells, often branch, intercalated disks (only in cardiac), no conscious control
smooth muscle
not striated, pointy cigar shape, short, surround many hollow organs
nervous tissue
makes up nervous system
neurons
signal and coordinating cells
neurological cells
support cells, anchor neurons, provide nutrients, maintenance
dense bone
hardest, solid mass
spongy bone
hollow spaces, springy, lighter
long
longer than wide, hollow central cavity
short
same length/width approx,
flat
spongy bone sandwich
irregular
complex shapes, vertebrae
pneumatized
considered irregulars
sesamoid
form in tendons as reinforcers, stress points
process
any projection on a bone
crest
prominent ridge
line
low ridge
foramen
hole
tubercle
any small rounded process
tuberosity
large rough bulging process
fossa
dent
head
large smooth round knob
synovial/ diarthrosis
freely movable (synovial fluid)
ball and socket
most free movement, bending and rotation
condyloid/ ellipsoid
oval knob in elongated socket, bending in two directions, no roation
hinge
one direction movement
gliding
2 flat surfaces sliding in two dimensions
fibrous
joints with limited movement,
flexion
bending reduced angle
extension
straightened, increase angle
adduction
toward midline
abduction
away from midline
rotation
turns around long axis
epidermis
outer layer of skin
dermis
inner layer of skin
epidermis
waterproof, stratified squamous epithelium
keratin
waxy, waterproofing
melanin
dark pigment, absorbs UV rays,
dermis
dense irregular connective tissue, mechanical strength, rich blood supply, nerve endings
subcutaneous tissue
loose connective tissue, connects skin to underlying
hair
follicle, and hair
shaft
dead cells
root
live cells
root sheath
walls of follicle
hair papilla
bump of dermis that pushes onto bulb
arrector pili
goosebumps
bulb
swelling at base, alive
eccrine/ merocrine
sweat glands
matrix (root)
live nail
eponychium
cuticle
lunula
moon of nail, last alive part
body
externally visible part of nail
nail bed
resting place of nail
synergistic
same action
antagonistic
opposite action