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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
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supine position
lying face up
physical exam
prone
lying face down
pro-
sagittal
vertical plane that divides the body into right and left parts
e.g. midclavicular
Median
vertical plane that divides the body into equal right and left halves
midsagittal
Transverse
horizontal plane that separates the body into superior and inferior parts
e.g. transumbilical
Coronal
vertical plane that separates the body into anterior and posterior parts
e.g. midaxillary
Superior (cranial or rostral)
towards the head
Anterior (ventral)
towards the front of the body
Posterior (dorsal)
towards the back of the body
Medial
closer to the midline
Lateral
farther from the midline
Superficial / External
closer to the surface
Deep / Internal
farther from the surface
Proximal
towards the point of origin
Distal
away from the point of origin
Ipsilateral
on the same side
Contralateral
on the opposite side
Flexion
movement that decreases the angle between two body parts (bending)
Extension
movement that increases the angle between two body parts (straightening)
Abduction
moving away from the midline
Adduction
moving towards the midline
Elevation
movement of a body part superiorly
Depression
movement of a body part inferiorly