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30 Cards in this Set

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Colony formed; didn't give supplies to army; did form the Continental Army, appoint George Washington as commanding general, and approved the Declaration of Independence.
Second Continental Congress
leader of group of backwoodsmen known as the Green Mountain Boys; co-led successful attack against Ft. Ticonderoga
Ethan Allen
an officer of the Continental Army; led successful battles such as Ft. Ticonderoga and the Battles of Saratoga; (led unsuccessful battle in Quebec); betrayed his army and joined Britain
Benedict Arnold
A general in the British Army; Parliament appointed him to enforce the Intolerable Acts; sent British army to Lexington and Concord which later became the first battles of the war
Thomas Gage
Writer of Common Sense and The American Crisis; convinced colonists that independence was necessary
Thomas Paine
pamphlet stating that Revolution was necessary
Common Sense
British commander of army during early stages of war; defeated the Continental Army in New York & New Jersey; fired after failure at Saratoga
William Howe
a captain of the Continental Army; America's first spy
Nathan Hale
He was head of the southern British army; surrendered at Yorktown, Virginia
Charles Cornwallis
British general who led a force south from Canada; captured Ft. Ticonderoga;
John Burgoyne
called "Gentlemen Johnny"
American victory which stopped the British attempt to divide the colonies & convinced France to become an American ally; turning point of the war
Battle of Saratoga
Treaty by France that stated that France was an ally of United States and would help with the war against Britain
Treaty of Alliance
German who helped turn inexperienced fighters into a skilled fighting force; trained them fight in an European style
Baron Friedrich von Steuben
a 19-year-old French nobleman who volunteered to serve in Washington's army; Washington regarded him almost as a son; persuaded France to come help America
Marquis de Lafayette
24-year-old frontiersman who captured and controlled the Ohio River Valley throughout the rest of the war with only 200 men
George Rogers Clarke
a privately owned ship that has government permission during wartime to attack an enemy's merchant ships; huge source of supplies for American army
Privateers
father of the American navy; defeated HMS Serapis; led many daring attacks on British naval supply lines
John Paul Jones
Ship bought by John Paul Jones; patrolled English waters for merchant ships; was used to attack and defeat Serapis
Bonhomme Richard
"Swamp Fox"; provided Gates with vital info of South Carolina's swamps; used Guerrilla Tactics
Francis Marion
American general in South; fought and defeated the British at the Battle of Cowpens in South Carolina
Daniel Morgan
After Gate's defeat, became a general of the southern army; led short quick battles dealing heavy blows to the British
Nathaniel Greene
Real Name: Mary Hays; gave water to tired soldiers
Molly Pitcher
defeated Admiral Thomas Grave's fleet in the Battle of Chesapeake leaving Cornwallis stranded and making it almost impossible for him to receive reinforcements
Admiral de Grasse
led a large French force; aided Washington in the Battle of Yorktown, the last major battle in the Revolutionary War
General Rochambeau
treaty that ended Revolutionary War, confirming the independence of the United States and setting the boundaries for a new nation
Treaty of Paris
American commander-in-chief; led the Continental Army to victory over the British in the Revolutionary War
George Washinton
British monarch who first sent British troops to the colonies to enforce the acts; was the king during the American Revolution
King George III
last significant of the Revolutionary War; which resulted in the surrender of British forces in 1781
Battle of Yorktown
administrative head of the British government; worked with Parliament to accomplish king's agenda; adviser to king
British Prime Minister
French monarch who sen aid to the Americans after allying with them; sent badly needed supplies, troops and funds; persuaded Spain to ally with Americans
King Louis XVI