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98 Cards in this Set

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Who are the US Senators from Florida?
Mel Martinez
Bill Nelson
How many US Representatives districts are there in Florida?
25
Who are the Tampa area US representatives and what district are they from?
9 - Gus Bilirakis (R)
11 - Kathy Castor (D)
12 - Adam Putnam
Who is the Florida Lt. Governor?
Jeff Kottkamp
Who is the Florida Attorney General?
Bill McCollum
Who is Florida's chief financial officer?
Alex Sink
Who is the Florida Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services?
Charles Bronson
How many members in FL Senate? House?
40, 120
How long is the term for FL Senate? House?
4, 2
How many R/D are currently in FL Senate? House?
26R 14D
78R 42D
What are the Tampa area FL Senators?
Victor Crist (R)
Ronda Storms (R)
Charlie Justice (D)
Arthenia Joyner (D)
How many Tampa area FL representatives?
12
What is the term limit for Florida elected officials?
8yrs
Florida House + Florida Senate = ?
Florida Legislature
Florida legislature meets for a regular session of how many days? Begins when?
60 days
March
Who is the Hillsborough County Sheriff?
David Gee
Who is the Hillsborough County property appraiser?
Rob Turner
Who is the Hillsborough County Tax collector?
Doug Beldon
Who is the Hillsborough County Clerk of courts?
Pat Frank
Who is the Hillsborough County Supervisor of elections?
Buddy Johnson
How many members serve on the school board of hillsborough county? How long is their term? How are they elected?
7
4yrs
Nonpartisan basis
How long is the term of county and circuit court judges? How are they elected?
6yrs
Nonpartisan election
How are Florida Supreme Court and district court judges hired? How do they get changed?
Appointed by governor
Subjected to a retention vote (yes/no) every 6yrs
How many members serve on the Tampa city council? How are they seperated?
7
3 at large, 4 from single member districts
What are other incorporated municipalities in Hillsborough County?
Temple Terrace and Plant City
What is federalism?
The significant sharing of power between central national government and regional units such as states or provinces
What are the advantages of federalism?
-Share power helps prevent either state or national government from becoming tyrannical
-Allow flexibility and experimentation--states as laboratories of democracy
-Genuine differences between areas-water rights, population density
-Encourages greater citizen participation and training ground for future national leaders
What are the disadvantages of federalism?
-Lack of coordination and unclear authority-response to Hurricane Katrina
-Race to bottom-as states compete to attract businesses and higher income people
-Today peoples' identities and loyalties are with nation rather than states
-Some laws should not vary from state to state
The underlying factors for the American Revolution were
-Memory of British history
-Challenges to monarch's authority
-Strength of Parliament
This was better off in America than Britian
sense of being
economic and social opportunity
This percentage of white males owned their farms and this many could vote in America, compared to these British numbers.
America - 80%, over half
Britian - less than 25%
There was a population of ____ in 1700 and ____ in 1770.
250,000
2mil
There was a population of 250,000 in ____ and 2mil in ____.
1700, 1770
Colonial assemblies grew in strength and by the 1750's they claimed right to:
-Levy taxes
-Make appropriation
-pass laws
-approve appointments made by royal governors
Many British officials in America were:
corrupt, incompetent
There was loose British management of the colonies until after this occurred in these years.
French and Indian War (1756-1763)
After war _____ tried to control colonies more strictly.
King George III and Parliament
War greatly enlarged ____ and led to attempts to get greater revenue from colonies.
British debt
Many Americans wanted to do this but Britian tried to stop it.
move west over Appalachian mountains into ohio valley
Britian's ____ hurt American economy.
mercantilist policies
Britian required colonial assemblies to stop issuing ____.
paper money
British navy cracked down on ___. Persons accused were not tried before a sympathetic local jury but in ____.
American smugglers
Admiralty courts without juries
Britian increased number of troops stationed in America and requred colonists to ____.
feed and house them
In 1773 Parliament passed law to help _____.
East India Company
The law that helped the East India Company said that
duties on tea would be paid directly to the comapny and tea should be sold only by designated agents, thus avoiding colonial merchants and smugglers
The Boston Tea party was carried out by ____ in ____.
Sam Adams and Sons of Liberty, Dec 1773
People accused of rioting could be tried
outside of colony of residence (again attempt to avoid sympathetic local juries)
In summer of 1774, towns throughout Massachusetts expanded protests and threatened
judges who sought to enforce unpopular laws
Other colonies organized committees sent ___ because they saw common threat.
food and money to Massachusetts
First Contenental Congress met in September 1774 agreed on
grievances and called for broader boycott-no exports or imports
Armed conflict leading to the Revolution began in ____ as an ______.
April 1775
Unplanned battle at Lexington and Concord
American Revolutionary War was from years
1775 to 1783
The British surrendered to America at _____ in _____.
Yorktown, 1781
The Peace Treaty between America and Britian was signed in ____.
1783
Second Continental Congress passed the ______ and ______.
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
The Primary purpose of the Declaration of Independence was
to proclaim America's independence to the world-formal justification of an act already accomplished
The main drafter of the constitution was
Jefferson
Jefferson was influenced by ideas of
Aristotle, Cicero, Locke
Preamble of the Declaration of Independence states
Statement of a democratic political philosophy
specific grievances-formal announcement of intent to act as an independent nation
The Articles passed the second continental congress in ____ but was not ratified until ____
Nov 1777
1781
The Articles of Confederation did these things
-Each state voted as a unit
-No separate executive or judicial branch
-Ineffective in preventing trade wars between states and could not levy taxes directly on people
-Could not enforce its decisions on states
-Lacked credibility in diplomatic negotiations
-Could not call up troops to put down Shay's Rebellion
Confederation Congress Occurred from
1781-1788
Constitutional Convention occurred in
1787
Supporters of the constitutional convention took the name
Federalists
Two major compromises were made in the Constitutional Convention
Gave smaller states 2 senators
House of Reps would be based on population with reapportionment every 10 years after census
The Constitutional Convention agreed to this reguarding slavery
Not to stop slave trade for 20yrs, tax exports such as cotton, or tax import of slavery

Slave states got greater representation in house and electoral college by 3/5 compromise.

This based representation and taxation on total white population plus 3/5 slave population.
The three main points of the constitutional convention were ___. These were influenced by ____.
-consensus of three branches of government
-seperation of powers
-checks and balances

Writings of Montesquieu
The Federalist papers were written by
Madison, Hamilton, Jay
Federalists had to agree to ___ in order to get some states to ratify the Constitution.
Bill of Rights
The Constitution was ratified in _____ and the new government began in ____.
1788
1789
What are the functions of congress?
Legislation
National budget
Oversight of executive branch agencies
How does a bill become a law?
-Member of House or Senate submits bill to clerk who numbers it
-Bill is usually referred to a committee for study and discussion
-Most bills (95%) die in committee-never get to floor for vote
-Both Senate and House must pass a bill by majority vote for it to go to President
-If President signs then it becomes law
How does the Senate vote for bills?
-Has no time limit on debate
-One of more Senators can block passage by filibustering
-60 of 100 Senators can end a filibuster by a vote of closure
How does the House vote for bills?
House bills must go through Rules Committee which allocates time for debate and whether amendments will be allowed
If the Senate and House pass different versions of legislation, what must happen to send it to the president?
-Majority party leaders appoint a conference committee to work out a compromise
-The compromise version must then be approved by a majority in both House and Senate
How can the president veto a bill?
Directly or by "pocket" veto-not taking action on bills if Congress adjourns during the 10 day period for Presidential review
How can president's veto be overturned?
2/3 majority vote of both House and Senate
How is the federal budget determined?
-President transmits proposed budget to Congress in early Feb
-House/Senate budget committees meet and set targets in various categories
-Standing committees of House and Senate debate a variety of appropriations bills
-October 1 deadline for new fiscal year
What are differences between Senate and House?
Senate:
2 senators/state
6 year terms
approve treaties and presidential appointments
conduct trial after impeachment by house

House:
-based on population of state-changes every 10yrs after census
-2yr terms
-initiates money bills
-decides whether to impeach president or other official
How is the Senate organized?
President Pro Tempore
Majority Leader
Minority Leader
Minority Whip
Vice-President can preside and cast a vote in the case of a tie
How is the House organized?
Speaker
Majority Leader
Majority Whip
Minority Leader
Minority Whip
Who is the speaker of the house?
Nancy Pelosi
How is the Congress numbered?
Every 2yrs after election of all representatives of the house and 1/3 of Senators.
What number is the current congress?
110th
What does a Standing committee do?
special purposes
What does a select committee do?
Things to investigation-specific
ex. watergate
What does a Joint committee do?
administrative purposes
What types of representation are there?
-the dominant group in his/her constituency
-his/her political party
-the country as a whole
-his/her own conscious and judgment
What methods are there to find out what voters want?
Emails and letters
Public meetings
Polls
How can polls be misleading?
Sample design
Deliberate or unconscious lying
Question wording
Question order
Refusal problem
Non-availability problem
What are constituent services?
Members of legislators staffs are trained to help with problems with federal agencies. They can answer questions bout eligibility and handle complaints. They cannot overrule an agency decision or give legal advice.
What does lobbying involve?
Long history
Problem with revolving door
Trend toward lobbying to get benefits rather than avoiding restrictions
What is divided government? What problems does this present?
when president and majority in congress are from different political parties

-Possibility of gridlock
-Conflicts over military foreign policy
-Congress given power by Constitution to declare war but President has become dominant in this area
What are the powers of the president?
-Commander in chief of military
-Head of state-foreign policy/diplomacy
-Can pursue domestic legislative agenda
-Control over executive branch through appointments
-Influence on judicial branch through appointments
What are the functions of vice-president?
-Succeeds the president in case of death, resignation or incapacity
-Can break tie vote in Senate
-Political resource
-May be groomed to run for President
What is the order of succession?
-25th amendment provides for vice-president and allows president to name a new vice-president if vacancy, subject to confirmation by congress
-legislation sets out order after VP
-speaker of house, president pro tempore of senate, cabinet heads starting with secretary of state
What parts of government are part of the exectuve office of president growing in size and power?
OMB - Office of Management and Budget
NSC - National Security Council
Relaiance on these advisors rather than most of the cabinet
What are some current conflicts between Congress and President?
Level of troops in Iraq
Signing statements
What legislation is President likely to veto?
Appointments