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46 Cards in this Set

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What is the Northwest Ordinance?
The Northwest ordinance was a plan to create a government for the region north of the Ohio river.
What is the Louisiana Purchase?
Region west of the Mississippi River measuring 828,000 square miles that was added to the United States in 1803. Its purchase grew out of renewed American concerns about access to New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi River. $15million 4 cents per acre
Missouri Compromise 1820
Missouri entered the union as a slave state while the government tried to abolish slavery in Missouri.
Define Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny was the belief that the United States was going to expand out past the Pacific Ocean.
How did the North Benifit from the Cotton Gin?
How did the South benifit from the Cotton Gin?
The North benefited from the invention of cotton gin because it was cheaper and they got the cotton faster then before the cotton gin. The South befitted from the cotton gin because the slaves got more done in a day and they didn’t have to work as hard so they could also do more in a day.
What happened in the Dred Scott case?
The Dred Scott case was a defeat for abolitionists because under law Scott was a slave, however his owner took him into free states where he should have been free. After Scott’s owner died, Scott went to court to fight for his eight to be free. The court ruling was Scott was not a citizen of the United States there for he could not fight this.
Who won the Presidential Election of 1860?
Abraham Lincoln
What was the Treaty of Paris?
- Treaty that officially ended the Revolutionary War. In the treaty, , Great Britain recognized American Independence.
Explain two geographical effects from the Treaty of Paris. In other words, the United States gained (1) and (2).
The united states agred to restore the right of American Loyalist. Congress passed laws called Land Ordinance.
What was the Three-Fifths Comprise?
- The constitution determined that seats in the House of Representatives would be assigned on the basic of population; a debate arose over whether slaves should be counted in a state’s population.
what was teh Louisiana Purchase?
Region west of the Mississippi River measuring 828,000 square miles that was added to the United States in 1803. Its purchase grew out of renewed American concerns about access to New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
How many states created from the Louisiana Purchase?
15
Deinfe Annex
Annex in other words means to take control of, Cuba to expand slavery territories
Define Bear Flag Revolt
THe flag made with a Bear on it for the state of California
Define Mexican Secession
The territory the Mexico ceded after the war
What is the Northwest Ordinance?
The Northwest ordinance was a plan to create a government for the region north of the Ohio river.
What is the Louisiana Purchase?
Region west of the Mississippi River measuring 828,000 square miles that was added to the United States in 1803. Its purchase grew out of renewed American concerns about access to New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi River. $15million 4 cents per acre
Missouri Compromise 1820
Missouri entered the union as a slave state while the government tried to abolish slavery in Missouri.
Define Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny was the belief that the United States was going to expand out past the Pacific Ocean.
How did the North Benifit from the Cotton Gin?
How did the South benifit from the Cotton Gin?
The North benefited from the invention of cotton gin because it was cheaper and they got the cotton faster then before the cotton gin. The South befitted from the cotton gin because the slaves got more done in a day and they didn’t have to work as hard so they could also do more in a day.
What happened in the Dred Scott case?
The Dred Scott case was a defeat for abolitionists because under law Scott was a slave, however his owner took him into free states where he should have been free. After Scott’s owner died, Scott went to court to fight for his eight to be free. The court ruling was Scott was not a citizen of the United States there for he could not fight this.
Who won the Presidential Election of 1860?
Abraham Lincoln
What was the Treaty of Paris?
- Treaty that officially ended the Revolutionary War. In the treaty, , Great Britain recognized American Independence.
Explain two geographical effects from the Treaty of Paris. In other words, the United States gained (1) and (2).
The united states agred to restore the right of American Loyalist. Congress passed laws called Land Ordinance.
What was the Three-Fifths Comprise?
- The constitution determined that seats in the House of Representatives would be assigned on the basic of population; a debate arose over whether slaves should be counted in a state’s population.
what was teh Louisiana Purchase?
Region west of the Mississippi River measuring 828,000 square miles that was added to the United States in 1803. Its purchase grew out of renewed American concerns about access to New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
How many states created from the Louisiana Purchase?
15
Deinfe Annex
Annex in other words means to take control of, Cuba to expand slavery territories
Define Bear Flag Revolt
THe flag made with a Bear on it for the state of California
Define Mexican Secession
The territory the Mexico ceded after the war
Define Gadsden Purchase
The agreement to adda strip of Mexican Land to the southern New Mexica and Arizonia for $10million
List the states eventually carved out of Gadsden Purchase.
California, Nevada, Utah, parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado.
Define popular Sovereignty
The principle that would let votes in new territories make their decision on slavery.
Who was responsible for the Comprise of 1850?
David Wilmot
List the details of the Kansas–Nebraska Act. Who created it?
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of was a bill past in both houses and senators in Northern States tried to stop slavery for spreading. Stephne Douglus introduced this bill
In 1854, officials held an election for the 3,00 voters in the Kansas territory. 6,300 ballots were counted. Explain how the number changed and why
Missouri citizens voted also, there votes werent counted though.
What did free-soil Kansans do in responses to the actions of the pro-slavery government?
They each set up their own governments.
Explain how the Republican Party was established. What was their main goal dealing with slavery?
The controversy over slavery in the territories produced major shifts in the nation’s political parties, The party nominated its 1st presidential candidate in 1856. Just 4 years later, Abraham Lincoln became the 1st republican president. The Republican part dominated national politics from the civil war in the 1860’s until the Great Depression in the 1930’s.
What did John Brown hope to accomplish by capturing the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia?
On October 16,1859, John Brown and about 20 followers captured the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. They hoped to spark a slave uprising through-out the South. John Brown was the radical abolitionist who in 1856 had previously led seven other men to murder pro-slavery settlers in the Pottawatomie Massacre in Kansas in 1856. Thought Brown expected slaves from all over the region to join his uprising, he had not informed them of his plans/ No slaves joined the attack on Harpers Ferry, and local and federal militia companies soon captured or killed most of Brown’s followers. Brown was tried and hanged for treason, conspiracy, and murders on December 2,1859.
How did some Northern abolitionist react to John Brown’s plan to begin a slave uprising in the South?
After his arrest, other abolitionists viewed Brown as a hero who was justly-fighting for the freedom of enslaved people. Most moderate northerners condemned Brown’s actions.
How did most southerners view John Brown’s raid?
Most southerners were angry at the support Brown received both before and after the attack on Harpers Ferry. The sympathy that many northerners expressed toward Brown deeply angered many southerners.
6. Who won the Presidential Election of 1860? What states did he win? How many electoral votes did he receive? How many electoral votes for the entire nation? He didn’t win a single southern state so explain how he won the Presidential Election of 1860?
Abraham Lincoln won the presidential Election. Lincoln won every free state except New Jersey with 180 electoral votes. 202 votes nation wide. Lincoln not only won didn’t win any southern states; he wasn’t even on the ballot in most of them. Because the northern states had the majority of the population, they have the majority of electoral votes.
How did the people of the South react to Lincolns winning the election?
Although southerners recognized that Lincoln had been legally elected, they questioned the fairness of a system that allowed him to govern regions that had not chosen him.
Define Secession
The withdrawal from the Union of 11 southern states in 1860-1861 that led to the formation of the Confederacy and the beginning of the Civil war.B
Why did Southerners justify secession?
Because states had once been seperate they had to right to seced from the Union.
Which was the first state to secede from the Union?
South Carolina