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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
All members of the plant kingdom:
A. have structures that help them get food
B. absorb food from decaying material
C. make their own food
D. are one-celled
C. make their own food
In an energy cycle, a cow eats grass and stores:
A. fat
B. energy
C. shelter
D. enzymes
B. energy
A section of DNA that controls a specific trait is called:
A. a chromosome
B. a phenotype
C. a gene
C. a molecule
C. a gene
Plants that make their own food are called:
A. consumers
B. autotrophs
C. heterotrophs
D. herbivores
B. autotrophs
Crustaceans have an exoskeleton and:
A. jointed legs
B. clitellum
C. thorax
D. wings
A. jointed legs
The recycling of substances necessary for life is referred to as the:
A. nutrient cycle
B. mitochondria
C. process of photosynthesis
D. energy pyramid
A. nutrient cycle
Prokaryotic cells have no:
A. nuclei
B. energy exchange
C. cell membrane
D. metabolism
A. nuclei
A one-celled member of the protist kingdom which moves by means of ciliae and has oral grooves is the:
A. blue-green algae
B. slime mold
C. sac fungi
D. paramecium
D. paramecium
The digestive system of an earthworm includes:
A. an ovary
B. a crop
C. an epidermis
D. an endoderm
B. a crop
When the strong ATP bond is broken in the energy cycle,
A. glucose is made
B. energy is stored
C. a base is shared
D. a phosphate is released
D. a phosphate is released
The four daughter cells that result from meiosis in male gametes are called
A. chromatids
B. spermatozoa
C. ova
D. fertilization
B. spermatazoa
The protist kingdom includes:
A. viruses
B. molds
C. amoebas
D. horses
C. amoebas
Organisms which use oxygen to break down food and release energy are:
A. saprophytes
B. mushrooms
C. anaerobes
D. aerobes
D. aerobes
Green plants are essential to the release of water into the atmosphere through the process of:
A. precipitation
B. photosynthesis
C. transpiration
D. evaporation
C. transpiration
Two structures found in plant cells that are not found in animal cells are the:
A. mitochondria and ribosomes
B. cell wall and plastids
C. cell membrane & centrioles
D. nucleolus and vacuoles
B. cell wall and plastids
The chemical makeup of an organism can help scientists determine its:
A. height
B. name
C. weight
D. relationship to other organisms
D. relationships to other organisms
The root system of a dicot is called:
A. taproot
B. net-like
C. fibrous
D. deciduous
A. taproot
Producers, consumers, and decomposers are all part of the energy of an area passed along through the:
A. omnivores
B. nitrogen cycle
C. lipids
D. food chain
D. food chain
Twins are considered identical if they:
A. are the same sex
B. have similar traits
C. develop together in the same uterus
D. have the same DNA
D. have the same DNA
The classification of family is by:
A. phyla
B. genus
C. classes
D. species
B. genus
All echinoderms live:
A. in the ocean
B. on land
C. in fresh water
D. as parasites
A. in the ocean
The recycling of substances necessary for life is referred to as the:
A. nutrient cycle
B. mitochondria
C. process of photosynthesis
D. energy pyramid
A. nutrient cycle
Which of the following is part of the cell theory?
A. All cells are eukaryotic.
B. All cells are prokaryotic.
C. All cells have nuclei.
D. All cells come from other cells.
D. All cells come from other cells.
The name "grasses of the sea" refer to":
A. plankton
B. algae
C. anaerobes
D. lichen
A. plankton
Translation is a process of picking up and carrying amino acids to
A. tRNA
B. rRNA
C. mRNA
D. DNA
C. mRNA
Water escapes from plants through tiny openings called:
A. stomata
B. transpiration
C. nonvascular
D. photosynthesis
A. stomata
Plant cells are surrounded by a rigid:
A. cell membrane
B. cell wall
C. chloroplasts
D. organelles
B. cell wall
Roots anchor plants, take in water and minerals, and:
A. produce stomata
B. produce sugars
C. store starch
D. carry on transpiration
C. store starch
Dan was born with Down's Syndrome. Dan's condition is caused by:
A. genetic mutation
B. an extra chromosome
C. recessive genes
C. multiple alleles
B. an extra chromosome
If phloem cells of a plant are injured, the plant cannot store:
A. sugar
B. water
C. minerals
D. starch
D. starch
Chromosomes line up on spindles in the center of a cell during:
A. anaphase
B. telophase
C. metaphase
D. prophase
c. metaphase
The special tissue that produces a shell in the mollusks is the :
A. hermaphrodite
B. cephalothorax
C. mantle
D. chitin
c. mantle
Facilitated diffusion through the plasma membrane is assisted by:
A. homeostasis
B. exocytosis
C. hypotonic solution
D. carrier-proteins
D. carrier-proteins
What do chordates share in common?
A. fur and feathers
B. spinal cord and backbone
C. two-chambered heart
D. exoskeleton
B. spinal cord and backbone
Diffusion takes place as molecules
A. change
B. move
C. shrink
D. grow
B move
All mammals:
A. have legs
B. have an amniotic egg
C. nurse their young with milk
D. have a placenta
C. nurse their young with milk
A sequence of bases along the DNA strand which determines a specific trait is called
A. a chromosome
B. a phenotype
C. a codon
D. a molecule
C. a codon
Storage of hereditary information in the cell is in the:
A. cytoplasm
B. nucleus
C. centrioles
D. lysosomes
B. nucleus
Using a Punnett Square, predict offspring of a tallness gene crossed with a shortness gene:
A. all tall
B. all short
C. neither tall nor short
D. some tall and some short
D. Some tall and some short
Which organelle performs transport in the cell?
A. ribosomes
B. Golgi bodies
C. vacuoles
D. nucleus
B. Golgi Bodies
A cell that is not identical to either parent but with alleles of both is produced by
A. asexual reproduction
B. budding
C. regeneration
D. sexual reproduction
D. sexual reproduction
An egg yolk placed in distilled water and left overnight will probably:
A. shrink
B. become dehydrated
C. swell and burst
D. not change
C. swell and burst
When you perspire on a hot day, drinking water will restore _____ in your body.
A. substances
B. oxygen
C. homeostasis
D. proteins
C. homeostasis
The shrinking of a plant cell away from the cell wall is caused by:
A. photosynthesis
B. plasmolysis
C. trugor
D. active transport
B. plasmolysis
Animals that are food for other animals are:
A. omnivores
B. predators
C. herbivores
D. prey
D. prey
Structures in the cell that contain chloroplasts are the:
A. microbodies
B. Golgi bodies
C. nucleus
D. plastids
D. plastids
A climax community is the result of
A. commensalism
B. abiotic conditions
C. the food chain
D. succession
D. succession
The Greenhouse Effect is responsible for
A. pollution
B. global warming
C. acid rain
C. natural disasters
B. Global Warming
The relationship between two members of a community in which one member is harmed by the presence of the other is
A. a parasitic relationship
B. commensalism
C. mutualism
D. dependency
A. a parasitic relationship
Large land areas with stable abiotic conditions and similar plants make up
A. ecosystems
B. biomes
C. communities
D. populations
A. ecosystems