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31 Cards in this Set

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TERMS
What is GERONTOLOGY?
It is Greek for "study of old men. " The study varies across broad fields of historic, philosophy, rel, pol, psych, anthropological, soc issues of human & animals
TERMS
What is GERIATRICS?
Medical intervention w/elderly. An OT specialty
TERMS
What is AGEISM?
Prejudice based on chronological age
TERMS
What is ELDER COHORT?
Collection of people who share common characteristics in this case elder pop.
TERMS
What is HEALTH?
Absence of disease
TERMS
What is WELL-BEING?
Health considered optimal for the persons age/condition
TERMS
What is ILLNESS?
IT IS NOT
-lifelong condition
-normal biological chgs
-chronic conditions (those that cannot be cured, but can be managed): HTN, heart dis, HOH, ortho impairments, cataracts, sinusitis, diabetes, tinnitus, vis impairments
STAGES OF AGING:
What is YOUNG-OLD?
65-75 (vital, vigorous, active)Recently retired w/time to volunteer, incr leisure time, etc
STAGES OF AGING
What is MID-OLD?
75-85 Diminishing bodily sys
STAGES OF AGING
What is OLD-OLD?
>85 Time to reflect on life; frail/infirmed. USUALLY REQ ASS'T FOR ADLS
DEMOGRAPHICS
What is Graying of America?
12% is =>65 (20% by 2010-2030)
>85 3X by 2030, 7X by 2050
100 men >65 to 143 women
DEMOGRAPHICS
What are the typical living arrangements?
1) SNF = 5%:
Will incr from 1.5M to 5.3M by 2030
2) Community:
30% alone
68% w/family
23% difficulties w/ =>1 ADLS
28% difficulties w/ =>1 IADLS
DEMOGRAPHICS
What is the typical education level?
at least some H.S.
1/5 finished 8th grade
DEMOGRAPHICS
What is economics?
(basically the same as gen'l pop: 11.7% to 11.9%)
8.8 whites
22.3 blacks
18.8 hispanics (38 hisp women)
3 of 4 poor elders are women
BIOLOGICAL THEORY OF AGING:
What are the GENETIC THEORIES?
PROGRAMMED AGING
SOMATIC MUTATION
FREE RADICAL
CYBERNETIC
BIOLOGICAL THEORY OF AGING:
What IS PROGRAMMED AGING AND SOMATIC MUTATION?
PROGRAMMED AGING: Internal clock that controls aging from cellular level, DNA
SOMATIC MUTATION: Body starts to fight itself: translation errors, chromosomal chgs, etc
BIOLOGICAL THEORY OF AGING:
What FREE RADICAL?
Cellular processes inv oxy where extra electron charge results "free radical". So we take vitamins, release stress, etc
BIOLOGICAL THEORY OF AGING:
What CYBERNETIC?
endocrine sys, CNS, hypothalmus are the aging pacemakers of the body: Reduction of hormone levels, & alterarions of dopamine levels.
BIOLOGICAL THEORY OF AGING:
What is the NON-GENETIC THEORIES?
WEAR & TEAR
SOCIAL THEORY OF AGING:
What are they?
DISENGAGEMENT
ACTIVITY
CONTINUITY
LIFE SPAN/LIFE COURSE
ERIKSON'S #8
PECKS
EXCHANGE
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What is DISENGAGEMENT?
Disegaging through general reduction in energy levels, less social involv, incre pre-occ with their own needs/desires.
(When disengaged in one activity it should be replace by another)
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What is ACTIVITY?
Although slower, elders have same psych/social needs. (Need to explore their interest)
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What is CONTINUITY?
Elders adapt "new ways" by using:
1) Internal continuity: they link new expereince w/ memories of the prev experiences
2) External continuity: by staying around familiar people/places
What should the elder do if s/he has to moved to better cope and establish "continuity?"
Practice the activities
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What is LIFE SPAN/LIFE COURSE?
Social/cultural expectations/norms
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What is ERIKSONS (8TH STAGE)?
EGO INTEGRITY VS EGO DESPAIR
(COTA role to help develop self-empathy and coping skills if despair)
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What are Pecks 3 developmental tasks?
(The following can occur at different times for diff people and they don't have to occur in this order)
1) Ego differentiation vs work role preoccupation
2) Body transcendence vs body preoccupation
3)Ego transcendence vs. ego despair
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What is Pecks' ego differentiation vs role pre-occupation?
stresses the effects of retirement for both homemaker and husband. He's home more and 'getting in the way' of homemaker routine, for ex.
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What is Pecks' body transcendence vs body pre-occupation?
stresses phys decline and the adjustment to them
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What is Pecks' ego transcendence vs ego despair?
stresses adaptation to prospect of death.
SOCIAL THEORIES OF AGING:
What is Exchange theory?
Elders will continue w/interactions that are beneficial (they will pay, show affection, etc), but stop if not beneficial.