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148 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Navy ambulances are stocked in accordance with, what instruction?
BUMEDINST 6700.42
How much does a Unit One bag weigh?
9 POUNDS
Dressings should be large enough to cover the entire area of the wound and to extend at least ____ in every direction beyond the edges
1 INCH
What types of bandages are made of gauze or muslin and are used over a sterile dressing to secure the dressing in place?
STANDARD
In bandaging and extremity, what parts of the body do you leave exposed to observe the circulation?
FINGERS OR TOES
What type of bandage do you use for the elbow?
A SPICA OR FIGURE EIGHT
What type of bandage do you use to cover wounds of the forearms and lower extremities?
SPIRAL REVERSE
What type of bandage is good for bandaging any protruding part of the body?
FOUR TAILED
How long does a Oxygen Breathing Apparatus last for?
20 TO 45 MINUTES
To what device you should never connect the Hose mask to?
OXYGEN BOTTLE
How long is a lifeline?
50 FEET LONG
What detects oxygen deficiency?
OXYGEN INDICATOR
How many phases of Rescue Operations are there?
FOUR
What phase of rescue operations is where extrication is extremely difficult and time consuming?
PHASE THREE
How many stages of extrication are there?
FIVE
What stage of extrication is preparing the victim for removal?
FOURTH
When rescuing a victim from a fire, what part of the body do you leave uncovered?
HEAD
When trying to break an electrical contact, always stand on what type of items?
DRY BOARD, DRY NEWSPAPERS, OR DRY CLOTHING
When using a stretcher, how do you move the victim?
FEET FIRST
What litter is most commonly used for transporting sick or injured persons?
STOKES
How many blankets should be used to pad a stokes stretcher?
THREE
What type of stretcher is a collapsible stretcher made of canvas?
ARMY LITTER
What type of stretcher is used in confined spaces and vertical extrication?
MILLER BOARD
How many sizes does the spine board come in and what are they?
TWO: SHORT(18”X 32”) AND LONG (18”X 72”)
What materials do they use to make the spine board?
FIBERGLASS OR EXTERIOR PLYWOOD
What is one of the easiest ways to carry a unconscious person?
FIREMAN’S CARRY
What type of bandage do you use for the ear?
BARTON
When using a lifeline to raise an unconscious person from an compartment, the lifeline should be attached to victim in what manner?
AROUND THE CHEST AND UNDER THE ARMS
How many minutes does it take for irreversible brain damage to occur?
4 TO 6 MINUTES
How many general first aid rules are there in an emergency?
NINE
What is the process of quickly assessing patients in a multiple casualty incident?
TRIAGE
What are the two types of triage?
TACTICAL AND NONTACTICAL
When sorting for treatment, in what class do you place a patient with immediate life sustaining injuries?
CLASS II
When sorting for treatment, in what class do you place a patient whose definitive treatment can be delayed without jeopardy to life?
CLASS III
When sorting for treatment, in what priority do you place a patient with a simple fracture?
PRIORITY III
When sorting for treatment, in what priority do you place a patient with eye injuries?
PRIORITY II
In what war were the techniques for MEDEVAC so effective?
VIETNAM
What survey is a complete detailed assessment consisting of a subjective interview and an objective examination?
SECONDARY
When arriving at the scene, what is the first thing you do?
MAKE SURE THE SCENE IS SAFE
What do the ABCDEs of emergency care stand for?
AIRWAY, BREATHING, CIRCULATION, DISABILITY, AND EXPOSE
Usually the trauma assessment is about ______ percent patient interview and _______ percent physical exam?
20/80
What type of examination is a comprehensive hands-on survey of the patient’s body?
OBJECTIVE
How many steps does the head to toe survey have?
26
What is the possible cause of abnormality if your pupil characteristics are unequal?
STROKE AND HEAD INJURY
What is the normal pulse rate for an adult?
60 TO 80 BEATS PER MINUTE
Where is the most common site to determine a patients pulse?
RADIAL
What is the normal respiration rate for an adult?
12-20 BREATHES PER MINUTE
How many beats per minute is considered a rapid respiration rate?
28
How is respiration rates classified?
NORMAL, DEEP OR SHALLOW
What type of blood pressure is the remaining arteries were relaxed between beats?
DIASTOLIC
What type of blood pressure is created in the arteries when the blood pumps blood out in circulation?
SYSTOLIC
Low blood pressure exists is considered to exist when your pressure falls below _______ millimeters of mercury (mm HG)
90
What are some signs of partial airway obstruction?
UNUSUAL BREATH SOUNDS, CYANOSIS OR CHANGES IN BREATHING PATTERNS
How many steps are there in positioning the patient?
FOUR
What two maneuvers can be used to open an obstructed airway?
HEAD TILT CHIN LIFT AND JAW THRUST
What maneuver is recommended for relieving foreign body airway obstruction?
HEIMLICH
What is the second aspect of life support?
BREATHING
If the patient still does not respond continue mouth to mouth ventilations at the rate of ____ to _____ ventilations per minute or one breath every ______ seconds.
10 to 12, 5
Who states that no attempt should be made to force air from the stomach unless suction equipment is on hand for immediate use?
AMERICAN RED CROSS
Within how many minutes should CPR commence on a patient that went into cardiac arrest?
FOUR
Once the airway has been opened during one rescuer CPR where do you check for pulse?
CAROTID
During CPR, How many inches should the sternum be depressed?
APPROXIMATELY 11/2 TO 2 INCHES
What is the ratio for compressions to ventilations during one rescuer CPR?
15 TO 2
How many compressions per minute during Two-Rescuer CPR?
80 to 100
CPR for children between what ages is similar to that for adults?
1 TO 8 YEARS OLD
Where are chest compressions performed during CPR for children?
LOWER HALF OF THE STERNUM
During CPR on an infant, where do you check for a pulse?
BRACHIAL ARTERY
What is the compression rate for both infant and children?
100
What type of shock is caused by the loss of blood and other body fluids?
HYPOVOLEMIC
What type of shock is caused by the presence of severe infection?
SEPTIC
What is the process of quickly assessing patients in a multiple casualty incident?
TRIAGE
What are the two types of triage?
TACTICAL AND NONTACTICAL
When sorting for treatment, in what class do you place a patient with immediate life sustaining injuries?
CLASS II
When sorting for treatment, in what class do you place a patient whose definitive treatment can be delayed without jeopardy to life?
CLASS III
When sorting for treatment, in what priority do you place a patient with a simple fracture?
PRIORITY III
When sorting for treatment, in what priority do you place a patient with eye injuries?
PRIORITY II
In what war were the techniques for MEDEVAC so effective?
VIETNAM
What survey is a complete detailed assessment consisting of a subjective interview and an objective examination?
SECONDARY
When arriving at the scene, what is the first thing you do?
MAKE SURE THE SCENE IS SAFE
What do the ABCDEs of emergency care stand for?
AIRWAY, BREATHING, CIRCULATION, DISABILITY, AND EXPOSE
What type of wound do you have is you were cut by a knife?
INCISION
What type of wound is torn rather than cut?
LACERATIONS
What type of wound is the nonsurgical removal of the limb from the body?
AMPUTATION
How much liters of blood does the average adult have?
5
The loss of how much liters of blood causes shock?
ONE
How many pressure points are on each side of the body?
11
What pressure point do you use for bleeding in the shoulder or in the upper part of the arm?
BEHIND THE CLAVICLE
What pressure point do you use for bleeding between the knee and the foot?
FIRM PRESSURE AT THE KNEE
To control bleeding, what do you use as a last resort?
TOURNIQUET
Where do you apply a tourniquet?
ABOVE THE WOUND AND AS CLOSE TO THE WOUND AS POSSIBLE
What do you do to make sure that all other people aware of the tourniquet?
T AND TIME TOURNIQUET WAS APPLIED
What types of wounds are more likely to become infected?
BATTLE WOUNDS
What are the two types of bacteria that commonly cause infection in wounds?
AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC
What type of bacteria destroys red cells?
HEMOLYTIC
When dealing with inflammation, how long do you apply cold to reduce swelling?
24 TO 48 HOURS
What is an abscess in the true skin caused by the entry of microorganisms through a hair follicle or sweat gland?
FURUNCLE (BOIL)
What is most serious chest injury?
SUCKING CHEST WOUND
In what position during combat do you place a patient that is suffering from a sucking chest wound?
ON THE AFFECTED SIDE
Where can you find guidelines for rabies treatment?
BUMEDINST 6220.6
How long should you keep confined an animal that has bitten someone?
8 TO 10 DAYS
How many days should you wait before closing a puncture wound?
FOURTH DAY
What type of suture material has the least tissue reaction of all suture materials?
RUST-PROOF MATERIAL
What type of suture needle is most often used in deep tissues?
TAPER POINT
What is the most common local anesthetic used?
XYLOCAINE
What are the three methods of anesthesia administration?
TOPICAL, LOCAL INFILTRATION AND NERVE BLOCK
When should you remove sutures from the face?
4 OR 5 DAYS
What type of suture material should you use for children under 3 years old?
6-0
What is used to immobilize severely injured joints or muscles?
SPLINTS
What are the two bones in the forearm called?
RADIUS AND ULNA
In how many places should the splint be fastened for a thigh fracture?
FIVE
When a patient has a kneecap fracture where will you place extra padding?
UNDER THE KNEE AND JUST ABOVE THE HEEL
What type of fracture does a patient have if they stand and the injured shoulder is lower than the uninjured one?
CLAVICLE FRACTURE
What are the primary symptoms for a fractured spine?
PAIN, SHOCK AND PARALYSIS
If the spine is broken at the neck, how do you transport the victim?
LAYING ON THE BACK FACE UP
When a bone is forcibly displaced from it’s joint, the injury is known as?
DISLOCATION
If a Medical Officer could not be reached within how many hours can the Hospital Corpsman attempt to reduce a dislocation?
8 HOURS
What are injuries to the ligaments and soft tissues that support a joint?
SPRAIN
For a patient that suffered a sprain, how many hours after applying the last cold pack should you wait to apply heat?
24 HOURS
What types of injuries are caused by forcible overstretching or tearing of muscles or tendons?
STRAINS
What is also commonly called bruises?
CONTUSIONS
How many classifications do burns have?
THREE
What is the recovery period for second degree burns?
2 TO 3 WEEKS
What degree of burn does a patient have if the tissue color will range from white to black?
THIRD DEGREE
What is the burn percentage if a patient has burns to the back and right arm?
13 ½
What type of electrolyte solution do you use on a patient with over 20 percent of extensive burns?
RINGERS LACTATE
All major burn victims should be given a booster dose of _________________ to guard against infection.
TETANUS TOXOID
Irrigate acid burns to the eyes for at least ___ to ____ minutes with at least ______ml of water.
5 TO 10, 2000
How long do irrigate alkali burns to the eyes?
20 MINUTES
What is the most common condition caused by working or exercising in hot environments?
HEAT EXHAUSTION
What is the body temperature for a patient that has heat stroke?
105 F OR 41 C OR HIGHER
Who is responsible in the prevention of heat exposure injuries?
COMMAND
What is caused by continued exposure to low or rapidly falling temperatures, cold moisture, snow or ice?
GENERAL COLLING (HYPOTHERMIA)
Death results as the core temperature of the body approaches ______.
80 F
What is the most effective method of warming a victim with hypothermia?
IMMERSION IN A TUB OF WATER (100 TO 105 OR 38 TO 41 C) WATER
What are the two types of frostbite?
SUPERFICIAL AND DEEP
What is the instruction number for Morphia Dosage and Casualty Marking?
BUMEDINST 6570.2
What is the morphine adult dosage?
10 TO 20 MG
How do you identify a patient that has been given morphine?
M AND THE HOUR OF INJECTION ON THE PATIENTS FOREHEAD
What most often results either from forgetting to take your insulin or from taking to little to insulin?
DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS
What is caused by an interruption of the arterial blood supply to a portion of the brain?
STROKE OR APOPLEXY
At what men ages do heart conditions most commonly occur?
50 TO 60
What type of medication do you give a patient that suffers from angina pectoris?
NITROGLYCERIN
Convulsive episodes occur in ____ to _____ percent of the general population.
1 TO 2
What is also known as seizures or fits?
EPILEPSY
What is the most serious type of epilepsy?
GRAND MAL SEIZURE
Once the baby has been born, how many clamps do you use to clamp the umbilical cord?
TWO
Once the baby has been born ,where do you clamp the umbilical cord?
2 INCHES APART, FIRST CLAMP 6 TO 8 INCHES FROM THE NAVEL
How long does it take for the placenta to deliver itself?
10 TO 20 MINUTES