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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ABSOLUTISM
complete &unrestricted power in government
SOVEREIGNTY
possessing a monopoly over the instruments of justice
TOTALITARIANISM
seeks to direct all aspects of a state's culture in the interest of the state
CARDINAL RICHELIEU
President of the Council of ministers; extended use of intendants; decreased power of nobility; crushed aristocratic conspiracies
LOUIS XIII
influenced by Rich. to display French monarchy as the representation of the French state; France to Protestant side of 30 yrs war
FRONDE
brutal civil wars that struck France during Louis XIII; against an absolute monarchy
MAZARIN
succeeded Richelieu and dominated power in French government
"SUN KING"
Louis XIV had longest reign in history; helped France reach absolutism
LOUIS XIV
King of France who ruled as an absolute monarch; tried making France the strongest; centralized govt.; taxed peasants but not nobility; put France into debt
COLBERT
advisor to Louis XIV who proved himself a financial genius who managaed royal administration
POUSSIN
French classical painter' Rape of the Sabine Women; greatest French painter of 17th century
"FRENCH CLASSICISM"
art, literature, and advancements of age of Louis XIV
MERCANTILISM
philosophy that a state's strength depends upon its wealth
WILLIAM OF ORANGE
Dutch prince who was invited to be king of England after Glorious Rev.; joined League of Augsburg [leader] as foe of Louis XIV
PEACE OF UTRECHT
ended War of Spanish Succesion &Louis XIV's attempts to gain military power &land; marked end of French expansionist policy
CONSTITUTIONALISM
limitation of government by law
LEVIATHAN
written by Hobbes; sovereignty is ultimately derived from the people who transfer it to the monarchy
LAUDE
archbishop of Canterbury; tired imposing elaborate ritual &rich ceremonies on all churhces; insisted on uniformity of church
CROMWELL
Lord Protector of England; used his army to control the government &constituted military dictatorship; enforced Navigation Acts; dominated House of Commons; welcomed Jews cuz of their skills
THE RESTORATION
restored English monarchy to Charles II; both houses of parliament restored; estab. Anglican church
LOCKE
life, liberty, property; tabula rasa-people born like blank slates; environment influences education; "Essay Concerning Human Understanding"
HOBBES
harshness is better than chaos; absolutism produced civil peace and rule of law
BILL OF RIGHTS
no law can be suspended by king; no taxes raised; no army maintained except by parl. consent; estab. after Glorious Rev.
NEW MODEL ARMY
created by Cromwell; soldiers led by trained generals; famous for enthusiasm of Puritanism
PETITION OF RIGHTS
limited power of Charles I of England; couldnt declare martial law; couldnt collect taxes; couldnt imprison people w/out cause