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34 Cards in this Set

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Name the three Cluster A disorders,
Ranked as Odd or Eccentric.
Paranoid Personality,
Schizoid Personality,
Schizotypal Personality
Name the four Cluster B Disorders,
Ranked as Dramatic, Emotional, Erratic disorders.
Antisocial Personality
Borderline Personality
Histrionic Personality
Narcissistic Personality
Name the three Cluster C Disorders,
Ranked as Anxious or Fearful disorders
Avoidant Personality
Dependent Personality
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality.
Explain the dimensions versus categories debate in Personality Disorders
The difference between the two, is that of degree versus kind. Should individuals be diagnosed as either having a disorder or not, and should this be applied to personality disorders.
Widiger saw three advantages in adopting a dimensions based approach to personality. What are the three advantages?
1. Each individual would hav more specific information,
2. It would be more flexible and allow for both categorical and dimensional diagnoses.
3. It can help to avoid unnecessary decisions made to assigning a person to a single diagnostic category.
Name the Five personalities within the Five-Factor Model of personality
Extraversion
Agreeableness
Conscientiousness
Neuroticism
Openness to Experience
Criterion gender Bias
Where the criteria of the diagnosis themselves are biased towards a certain gender
Assessment Gender Bias
Where the assessment measures or the way they are used are biased towards a certain gender.
Name the excessive thought patterns associated with Paranoid Personality Disorder
People are malevolent and deceitful,
People will attack the second they get the chance to,
Being on your toes always is the best way to be.
Who are the certain groups of people most likely to experience Paranoid Personality Disorder?
Prisoners, Refugees, People with hearing impairments, and the Elderly.
Name the thought patterns associated with Schizoid Personality Disorder
The individual sees themselves more as the observer of life around rather than participants. (Majority of the time) All the time?
Name 4 or 7 Criteria for the Schizoid Personality Disorder
1.Neither desires or enjoys close relationships, including being part of family
2. Almost always chooses solitary activities
3. Has little, if any, interest in having sexual experiences with another person
4. Takes pleasures in few, if any activities
5. Lacks close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives
6. Appears indifferent to praise or criticism of others.
7. Shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity.
What is the neurochemical basis for detachment?
There has been evidence that a lower density in the dopamine receptors leads to detachment.
What is the difference between genotypes and phenotypes?
Genotypes is the specific genetic makeup an individual has.
The phenotype is the expression of the genes and how the individual turns out.
Schizotypal Personality has been shown to have generalized damage to what areas of the brain?
The left hemisphere, showing mostly deficits in learning and memory.
(Haloperidol - given to some patients)
Name 3 of the criteria required for the Antisocial personality
Failure to conform to social norms
Deceitfulness
Impulsivity
Irritability
Rechless disregard for others
Irresponsiblity
No remorse
Distinguishing factor among those who get caught for criminlaity and those who dont?
IQ
When considering personality traits that effect boys likelyhood to develop "conduct disorder, which one is most efficitent in predicting this disorder?
Psychopathy
Explain the underarousal hypothesis of psychopathy
The underarousal hypothesis states taht individual who suffers from psychopathy, actually have less arousal, or too much arousal causing stree, and basically negative affect when dealing with situations.
This in contrast with others who have moderate levels of arousal have been found to be content in handling most situations.
Hares cortical immaturity hypothesis of psychopaths.
The theory states that indidvual who ssuffer from psychopathy, have lower brain waves (typically in the thetha waves) and therefore seek ways to increase cortical arousal.
Fearlessness Hypothesis
This theory states that psychopaths simply have a higher threshold for fear.
MAOA, Mono amine oxidase A, is deficient in Psychopaths, but why does this affect the people,
The MAOA helps to break down neurotransmitters involved in the flight or fight response and therefore may create further aggression during times of stress.
This has a genetic basis.
Where is the Bis situated?
Septal hippocampal region, the Bis associated with inhibition, and therefore indicates dangers and etc. through anxiety.
Where is the reward system located (REW)
The reward system is located somewhere within the mesolimbic system, and is associated with the dopaminergic systems.
Name 5 of 9 syptmoms included for borderlin personaity disorder?
1. frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abondonment.
2. unstable and intense interpersonal relationships
3.identity distrubance
4. impulsivity in 2 areas of (sex, drugs, driving, eating, spouse abuse)
5. Recurrent suicidal behaviour
6. affective instability
7.chrinic feelings of emptiness
8.inappropriate anger
9. paranoia or dissassociations.
borderline personality tend to be biologically connected to what types of disorders?
Mood disorders
What are some disorders caused by childhood disorders
Personality Disorders,
Somatoform Disorders,
Panic Disorders,
Dissociative Identity Disorder,
Substance Disorders
What types of medication can be given to those with borderline personality disrders
tricyclic antidepressants, lithium and atypical antipsychotics.
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
where the thoughts of suicide are targeted and changed. as well as social skills training.
What are the three types of borderline personalities?
1) impulsive subtype
2) identity disturbance subtype
3)affective cluster (mood swings)
Name the criteria for histrionic disorder, 5 or more
1. uncomfortable when not centre of attention
2. intereaction with others is often inappropriate, sexual or provocative
3. rapid shift and shallow expression
4. uses physical appearance to draw attention to self
5. style of speech that is impressionisitc and lacking in detail
6. theatrically expressed emotions
7. is suggestible
8. considers relationships more intimate than they really are.
Name the criteria for narcissistic disorder
1. grandiose sense of importance
2. preoccupied with unlimited success
3. believes that they are special (and understood by other high insitute people)
4. Requests excessive admiration
5. Has a sense of entitlement
6. Is interpersonally exploitative
7.Lack empathy
8. envious of others and believes they are envious of them
9.shows arrogant haughty behaviours.
Sociotropy
refers to the need to continue and maintain social interactions that are postive
Sociotropy was more common in which two personality disorders
Avoidant and dependent personality disorders.