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59 Cards in this Set

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BRAIN STEM
MOVEMENT BREATHING, AND SLEEPING
SEROTONIN
BELIEVED TO INFLUENCE THE WAY WE PROCESS INFO, AS WELL AS TO MODERATE OR INHIBIT OUR BEHAVIOR
CEREBRAL CORTEX
CONTAINS MORE THAN 80% OF THE NEURONS IN THE HUMAN CNS, GIVES US DISTINCT QUALITIES.
FRONTAL LOBE
MEMORY, THINKING, AND REASONING, MAKES US SOCIAL ANIMALS.
PROTOTYPICAL APPROACH
COMBO OF CLASSICAL & DIMENSIONAL APPROACH
COMORBIDITY
HAVING TWO OR MORE DISORDERS
WHO PUBLISHED THE ICD-10?
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
WHO PUBLISHED THE DSM?
AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION
WHAT ARE SOME UNRESOLVED ISSUES IN THE DSM-IV?
>WHAT ARE THE OPTIMAL THRESHOLDS FOR DIAGNOSIS?
>ARBITRARY TIME PERIODS IN THE DEFINITIONS OF DIAGNOSIS.
>SHOULD OTHER AXES BE INCLUDED?
>PROBLEM OF COMORBIDITY
>BEST FOR DESIGNING TREATMENT OR RESEARCH?
PROJECTIVE TEST
USED TO INFER PERSONALITY STRUCTURE AND TRAITS

EX. RORSCHACH INKBLOT, TAT, SENTENCE COMPLETION
PERSONALITY INVENTORIES
>MMPI
>SCL-90-R
>MILLON
INTELLIGENCE TEST
>WAIS

>WISC

>STANDFORD-BINET

>WOODCOCK-JOHNSON
WHAT ARE SOME NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING?
LURIA-NEBRASKA

HALSTEAD-REITAN

MINI MENTAL STATE EXAM (MMSE)
HOW DOES THE CAT SCAN WORK?

(COMPUTERIZED AXIAL TOMOGRAPHY)
>X RAYS ARE PASSED THRU THE HEAD
>DEGREE OF ATTENUATION IS DETECTED ON OPPOSITE SIDE OF HEAD
>COMPUTER RECONSTRUCTS PICS OF VARIOUS SLICES OF BRAIN
HOW DOES THE PET SCAN WORK?

(POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY)
>SUBJECT IS INJECTED WITH TRACER SUBSTANCE CONNECTED TO RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES
>SUBSTANCE INTERACTS WITH BLOOD, OXYGEN, OR GLUCOSE
>BRAIN BECOMES ACTIVE AND RUSHES TO HOT SPOTS DETECTED THAT LOCATE ISOTOPES.
HOW DOES MRI WORK?

(MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING)
>HEAD IS PLACED IN HIGH-STRENGTH MAGNETIC FIELD THRU WHICH RADIO FREQUENCY SIGNALS PASS
>SIGNALS EXCITE BRAIN TISSUE
>ALTERATION OF PROTONS IN HYDROGEN ATOMS ARE MEASURED
>ALONG WITH TIME IT TAKES PROTONS TO "RELAX"
WHAT PROCEDURE GIVES GREATER RESOLUTION THAN A CT SCAN WITH OUT THE INHERENT RISKS OF X RAYS?
MRIs
WHAT IS, IN ESSENCE, DOES THE MENTAL STATUS EXAM DO?
DISCOVERS IF A DISORDER IS PRESENT.
WHAT ARE TYPES OF BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENTS?
>FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS
>CHECKLISTS
>BEHAVIORAL RATING SCALES
WHAT ARE SOME TYPES OF OBSERVATIONS IN BEHAVIORAL ASSESSING?
IN VIVO

ANALOGUE

SELF-MONITORING
WHAT PROBLEM OCCURS WITH THE OBSERVATIONAL COMPONENT IN BEHAVIORAL ASSESSING?
REACTIVITY
VALIDITY
DEGREE TO WHICH TECHNIQUE MEASURES WHAT IT'S SUPPOSE TO MEASURE
CONCURRENT VALIDITY
COMPARING THE RESULTS OF AN ASSESSMENT TO ANOTHER
PREDICTIVE VALIDITY
HOW WELL AN ASSESSMENT TELLS YOU WHAT WILL HAPPEN IN THE FUTURE
YOU CANNOT HAVE ______ WITHOUT______.
VALIDITY, RELIABILITY
STANDARDIZATION
SET OF NORMS IS DETERMINED IN ORDER TO MAKE ITS USE CONSISTENT ACROSS DIFFERENT MEASUREMENT.

>TESTING, SCORING, AND EVALUATING DATA.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF A PHYSICAL EXAM?
TO RULE OUT ANY MEDICAL CONDITIONS THAT MAY BE ASSOCIATED WITH DISORDER

>DETECTS TOXIC STATE
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS WHEN ASSESSING BEHAVIOR?
HELPS IDENTIFY PROBLEMATIC BEHAVIORS AND ENVIRONMENTAL EVENTS
WHAT IS A UNSTRUCTURED CLINICAL INTERVIEW?
>CORE OF CLINICAL WORK
>USED TO GATHER PRESENT OR PRESENT BEHAVIOR
>NOT STANDARDIZED, NO FORMAT
WHAT IS A SEMI-STRUCTURED CLINICAL INTERVIEW?
CLINICIANS MAY DEPART FROM SET QUESTIONS TO FOLLOW UP ON SPECIFIC ISSUES
WHAT IS THE ADIS?
ANXIETY DISORDERS INTERVIEW SCHEDULE
>CLINICIANS ASKS IF PATIENT IS BOTHERED BY THOUGHTS, IMAGES,OR IMPULSES.
>PATIENT RATES ON 8 PT SCALE.
ABC OF OBSERVATION
WHAT HAPPENED BEFORE BEHAVIOR(ANTECEDENTS)
WHAT HAPPENED AFTERWARD
(CONSEQUENCE)
RELIABILITY
DEGREE TO WHICH A MEASUREMENT IS CONSISTENT
EQUIFINALITY
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

INDICATES THAT WE MUST CONDISER A NUMBER OF PATHS TO A GIVEN OUTCOME
WHICH NEUROTRANSMITTER BINDS TO RECEPTOR SITES, INHIBITING POSTSYNAPTIC ACTIVITY AND REDUCING OVERAL AROUSAL?
GABA
MOVEMENT, BREATHING, AND SLEEPING DEPEND ON THE ANCIENT PART OF THE BRAIN, WHICH IS PRESENT IN MOST ANIMALS.
BRAIN STEM
WHICH NEUROTRANSMITTER IS A SWITCH THAT TURNS ON VARIOUS BRAIN CIRCUITS?
DOPAMINE
WHICH NEUROTRANSMITTER SEEMS TO BE INVOLVED IN YOUR EMERGENCY REACTIONS OR ALARM RESPONSES?
NOREPINEPHRINE
THIS AREA CONTAINS PART OF THE RETICULAR ACTIVATING SYSTEM AND COORDINATES MOVEMENT WITH SENSORY OUTPUT.
MIDBRAIN
WHICH NEUROTRANMITTER IS BELIEVED TO INFLUENCE THE WAY WE PROCESS INFORMATION, AS WELL AS TO MODERATE OR INHIBIT OUR BEHAVIOR?
SEROTONIN
MORE THAN 80% OF THE NEURONS IN THE HUMAN CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM ARE CONTAINED IN THIS PART OF THE BRAIN, WHICH GIVES US DISTINCT QUALITIES.
CEREBRAL CORTEX
THIS AREA IS RESPONSIBLE FOR MOST OF OUR MEMORY, THINKING, AND REASONING CAPABILITES, AND MAKES US SOCIAL ANIMALS
FRONTAL LOBE
WHAT IS SHORT-LIVED, TEMPORARY STATE THAT OCCURS IN RESPONSE TO AN EXTERNAL EVENT/
EMOTION
MOOD
MORE PERSISTENT THAT EMOTION
WHAT IS AN MOMENTARY EMOTIONAL TOME THAT ACCOMPANIES WHAT WE SAY OR DO?
AFFECT
WHAT ARE THE COMPONENTS OF EMOTION?
BEHAVIOR

PHYSIOLOGY

COGNITION
WHAT IS THE HARMFUL SIDE OF EMOTIONAL DYSREGULATION?
ANGER
HOSTILITY
EMOTIONAL SUPPRESSION
ILLNESS
PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
WHAT IS DOES THE SOMATIC BRANCH OF THE PNS DO?
CONTROLS VOLUNTARY MUSCLES AND MOVEMENT
WHAT DOES THE AUTONOMIC BRANCH OF THE PNS DO?
>SYMPATHETIC AND PARASYMPATHETIC
>REGULATES CARDIO SYSTEM AND BODY TEMP.
>REGULATES ENDOCRINE SYS. AND AIDS IN DIGESTION.
HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENALCORTICAL AXIS (HYPAC)
INTEGRATION OF ENDOCRINE AND NERVOUS SYSTEM
WHO IS ASSOCIATED WITH LEARNED HELPLESSNESS?
MARTIN SELIGMAN
LEARNED HELPLESSNESS
WHEN THE RATS AND ANIMALS ENCOUNTERED A PROBLEM THEY HAD NO CONTROL OVER..THEY BECOME HELPLESS.
WHAT PART OF THE NEURON ARE BRANCHES THAT RECEIVE MESSAGES FROM OTHER NEURONS?
DENDRITES
WHAT IS THE TRUNK OF THE NEURON THAT SENDS MESSAGES TO OTHER NEURONS?
AXON
AXON TERMINALS
BUDS AT THE END OF AXON FROM WHICH CHEMICAL MESSAGES ARE SENT.
WHAT DOES THE HINDBRAIN CONSIST OF?
MEDULLA
PONS
CEREBELLUM
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE MEDULLA?
HEART RATE, BP, RESPIRATION
FUNCTION OF THE PONS
REGULATES SLEEP STAGES
FUNCTION OF THE CEREBELLUM
INVOLVED IN PHYSICAL COORDINAION