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31 Cards in this Set

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Pituitay gland
-Anterior lobe
thyroid-stimulating horme
TSH
Stimulates thyroid gland to frow and produce thyroid hormone
TSH
Stimulates Adrenal cortex to secrete its hormones
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
ACTH
Stimulates ovarian follicles to mature & estrogen production
follicle-stimulating hormone
FSH
sperm producion
follicle-stimulating hormone
FSH
ovulation
luteinizing hormone
LH
testosterone secretion
Interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
ICSH
Promotes growth of all tissues
growth hormone or somatotropin
GH
Stimulates production of milk by breasts
prolactin
Pituitary gland
_posterior lobe
ADH
Promotes water reabsorption from kidneys to the blood
antidiuretic hormone
ADH
Stimulates uterine contractions
stimulates release of milk from breasts
oxytocin
Thyroid gland
thyroid hormone or thyroxine
Increases production of energy
thyroid hormone or thyroxine
Decreases blood calcium by inhibiting osteoclasts (decreases breakdown of bone
Calcitonin
Parathyroid gland
PTH
Increases blood calcium by stimulating osteoclasts to breakdown bone and by increasing Ca & P absorption in small intestines & kidneys
parathormone or parathyroid hormone
PTH
Increases gluconeogenesis for energy & conserves glucose for use by the brain, especially during stress: has an antiflammatory effect (blocks histamine)
glucocorticoids
(cortisol)
Increases NA reabsorption from kidneys to blood and K excretion by way of urine
Mineralocorticoids
(aldosterone)
Prolongs "fight or flight" response that is initiated by sympathetic nerves
epinephrine & norepinephrine
or adrenalin & noradrenalin
-Adrenal medulla
********
Increases blood glucose by increasing
glycogenolysis & gluconeogenesis
Glucagons
Pancreas
-Alpha cells of the islets of Langerhans
*
-Beta cells of the islets of Langerhans
*
Decreases blood glucose by increasing transport of glucose into cell to be used for enrgy, increases storage of excess glucose as glycogen, increases transport of gatty acids and amino acids into cell
Insulin
Sex glands
Ovaies
Maturation of reproductive system, development of secondary sex characteristics, regulates menstrual cycle
Estrogen
Sex glands
Ovaries
*
Works with extrogen to establish menstrual cycle and plays a role in pregnancy
Progesterone
Testes
*
Maturation of reproductive system, development of secondary sex characteristics, sperm production
testosterone