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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the cup-shaped cavity on the lateral surface of the hip-bone receiving the head of the femur
lateral extension of the spine of the scapula, formin the highest point of the shoulder
wing-like process
slightly flexible joints
a small ring or encricling structure
"soft spot"-point where coronal sutures unite with the sagittal suture
anterior fontanel
the bones of the limbs and supporting thoracic and pelvic girdles
appendicular skeleton
the saclike envelope enclosing the cavity of a synovial joint
articular capsule
arise at the junction between the pedicles and the laminae. Superior/inferior on eac side of the vertebrae
articular processes
the armpit
spherical head into corresponding socket giving universal movement; i.e hip, shoulder
ball and socket joint
The point on the skull corresponding to the junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures.
a small sac filled with synovial fluid that cushions adjacent structures and reduces friction
the heelbone, the largest of the tarsal bones
a thyroid secretion that acts to protect against increases in plasma calcium by stimulating bone formation
microscopic passages between cells; in bone they permit the diffusion of nutrients and wastes to and from osteocytes
sing. cancellus; a lattice like structure, as in spongy bone
spongy bone- of a reticular, spongy or lattice-like structure
cancellous bone
a general term for small elevated, articular process; refers to the rounded distal surface of the humerus that articulates with the head of the radius
a link of cartilage connects the bones. i.e joints between 1st pr of ribs and the manubrium of sternum
cartilaginous joints
the body of a vertebrae
one of 7 vertebrae in the human spine located in the neck region
cervical vertebrae
a low differentiated cell of the cartilage tissue turning into a chondrocyte.
a cartilage cell
area on the sternum, where it joins the medial end of the clavicle
clavicular notch
dense bone that contains parallel osteons
compact bone
an egg-shaped articular surface on one bone fits into an oval concavity in the mating bone, allowing both side to side and back and forth motion. i.e. knuckles, wrist
condyloid joint
a hook shaped process of the scapula that projects above the anterior surface of the capsule of the shoulder joint
coracoid process
area on the inferior inner surface that carries a costal nerve and blood vessels
costal grove
a pair of intracapsular ligaments (anterior and posterior) in the knee
cruciate ligaments
triangular spear-shaped; trowel-shaped; having the general appearance of a triangle, with the terminal angle much further from the base than the lateral ones
the shaft of the bone; a cylinder with an outer wall composed of compact bone, and an inner wall of cancellous bone with a marrow cavity in the center
freely flexible joint
contains elastin fibers as well as colagen fibers ; extremely resilient and flexible; i.e. outer ear flap (auricle), epiglottis
elastic cartilage
situated, formed, or occurring within cartilage.
a incomplete cellular lining on the inner (medullary) surfaces of bones
the thin plate of cartilage between the epihysis and the metaphysis of growing bone...
epiphyseal plate
the ends of the bone; composed of a layer of compact bone lined with cancellous bone.
cartilage containing an abundance of collagen fibers; located around the edges of joints, in the intervertebral discs, the menisci of the knee
fibrous cartilage
bones are bound tightly together, generally synarthrotic. i.e. sutures of cranial bones
fibrous joints
last two pairs of ribs; no connection to the sternum
floating ribs
an opening or passage through a bone
a rounded deptression that forms the articular surface of the scapula at the shoulder joing
glenoid cavity
where the sciatic nerve goes through to reach the lower limb
greater sciatic notch
any of the anastamosing channels of the haversian system in compact bone; containing blood and lymph vessels and nerves
Haversian canal
surface shaped like a trough into which the mating cylindrical surface fits, ie. elbow, ankle, knee
hinge joint
glossy transulucent material that forms the bearing surface of joints between the long bones, and makes up costal cartilage of the ribs, supports the flexible part of the nose, and cartilagenous rings of the trachea
hyaline cartilage
an inorganic constituent of bone matrix, and teeth, imparting rigidity to these structures
The superior most curved border of the fan-shaped ilium which connects the anterior to the posterior superior iliac spine
iliac crest
the largest of the three bones whose fusion creates an os coxae
a bone of the distal row of the tarsus; it articulates with the medial and lateral cuneiform, navicular, and second metatarsal bones
intermediate cuneiform
the fibrous connective tissue membrane between the shafts of the tibia and fibula and between the radius and ulna; an example of fibrous amphiarthrosis
interosseous membrane
a furrow running down the shaft of the humerus between the two tubercles, lodging the tendon of the long head of the biceps, and giving attachment in its floor to the latissimus dorsi muscle
intertubercular groove
a fibrocartilage pad between the bodies of successive vertebrae that absorbs shocks
intervertebral disc
an attachment site for a ligament that runs from ischium to sacrum
ischial spine
the rough bony projection at the junction of the lower end of the body of the ischium and its ramus; this is a weight-bearing point in the sitting position;
ischial tuberosity
one of the three bones whose fusion creates an os coxae
the large notch in the superior margin of the sternum
jujular notch
a small pit or cavity; lacuna
area on skull at juncture of lamboidal and sagittal suture
a thin sheet or layer
condyle farthest from the midline
lateral condyle
a bone of the distal row of the tarsus; it articulates with the intermediate cuneiform, cuboid, navicular, and second, third, and fourth metatarsal bones
lateral cuneiform
serve as attachment sites for ligaments
lateral epicondyle
the process at the lateral side of the lower end of the fibula, forming the projection of the lateral part of the ankle; the lateral malleolus extends farther inferiorly than the medial malleolus
lateral malleolus