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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Microscopic blood vessel that connect arteries and veins
Capillary
Vessel that carries blood away from the heart
artery
chemical that carries oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood
hemoglobin
upper chamber of the heart
atrium
liquid part of the blood that carries nutriets and minerals
plasma
organ that filters out microorganisms and foreign materials
lymph node
white blood cell carried in the lymphatic system
lymphocyte
lower chamber of the heart
ventricle
flow of blood from the heart to other organs and tissures of the body except the heart and lungs
systemic circulation
flow of blood from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart
pulmonary circulation
4 functions of blood
1. carries oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the cells
2. carries wasts to the kidneys
3. transports nutrients from digestive system
4. carries materials in blood to fight infections
6 parts of blood
1. plasma 2. white cells 3. platelets 4. minerals 5. nutrients 6. oxygen
What is the lifespan of blood cells
120 days
Blood cells reproduce at a rate of what
2-3 million per second
What substance helps stop minor cuts
fibrin
what are the four blood types
A
B
AB
O
Can all blood types be mixed
No
Who can AB donate to
AB only
Who can O donate to
All
Who can AB receive from
Anyone
What are three lymphatic organs
tonsils, thymus, spleen
What is the virus that destroys the helper "T" cells and affects immunity to certain diseases
HIV
What are the four cavities of the hear called
chambers
what moves the blood away from the heart
arteries
what moves blood to the heart
veins
which blood cells fight bacteria, viruses and other foreign substances
white
What is the function of white blood cells
help fight infection
what is the function of red blood cells
contain hemoglobin
what is the function of platelets
help clot blood
what is the function of plasma
contains nutrients and minerals
What is the larges organ in the lymphatic system that filters the blood
spleen
What produces lymphocytes that travel to other lymph organs
Thymus
What lymphatic organs protect the mouth and throat from pathogens
tonsils
What filters out microorganisms and foreign material that has been engulfed by the lymphocytes
lymph nodes
What is a mass of soft tissure located behind the sternum
thymus
What is the measure of the flow of blood in arteries called
blood pressure
What is the purpose of valves inside the veins
prevent blood from flowing backwards to the heart
Wich artery moves blood from the lungs to the heart
pulmonary artery