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42 Cards in this Set

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Social Studies, Chapter 2

Indians of North America
.
diversity
Many differences.
cultural region
An area where people in the region share some ways of life.
dugouts
Boats made from large, hallowed-out logs.
pit house
A house built partly over a hole dug in the earth so that some of its rooms were under the ground. (Chinooks)
clan
A group of families that are related to one another.
barter
Exchange goods.
potlatches
Special gatherings with feasting and dancing.
totem pole
A wooden post carved with shapes of people and animals that show a family's history and importance.
arid
A very dry climate.
kachinas
Spirts of the Hopis religion.
ceremonies
Special services.
hogan
A cone-shaped house built by covering a log frame with mud or grass. (Navajos)
shaman
Religious leader and healer.
lodges
Circular houses built over a small pit and covered with sod. (Mandans)
sod
Earth cut into blocks or mats that is held together by grass and its roots.
tepee
A cone-shaped tent made from wooden poles tied at the top and covered with buffalo skins. (Kiowas)
travois
A carrier made with two poles fastened to a harness on a dog or horse. (Kiowas)
ledgends
Stories handed down over time.
Iroquois League
The name associated with the Iroquois working together, which became a confederation.
confederation
A loose group of governments.
council
A group that makes laws.
longhouse
A long wooden building made of elm bark in which several Iroquois families lived together.
city-state
A city that has its own ruler and government.
classes
Groups of people treated with different amounts of respect in their society.
nobles
People from important families.
slavery
The practice of holding people against their will and making them carry out orders.
empire
A conquered land of many peoples and places governed by one ruler.
emperor
The ruler of an empire.
tribute
Payments a ruler demands from his or her people.
A _________ is a group of families that are related to one another.
clan
At the Dalles, Indians from many different Northwest Coast tribes met to _______, or exchange goods.
barter
A religious leader and healer called a ________ led many Navajo ceremonies.
shaman
A _______ is a group that makes laws.
council
A _______ is a kind of carrier used by the Kiowas to transport goods.
travois
__________ is the practice of holding people against their will and making them carry out orders.
Slavery
Why were dugouts especially important to indians of the Northwest Coast?
Since travel by land was difficult in the mountains, dugouts were used to travel by water.
What do carvings on totem poles show?
A family's history and importance.
How did the Pueblo people prepare for times of drought?
Pueblo people stored food and water in jars within their homes to survive during times of drought.
What are kachina figures used for?
Kachina figures were used to teach children the names and special powers of the kachinas.
In what ways did the tribes of the Great Plains use the buffalo they hunted?
Buffalo meat provided food. Skins were used to build tents, make clothing, blankets and moccasins. Stomachs were used to carry water. Hair was twisted into cord. Needles, arrowheads and other tools were made from bones.
What group was in the highest class in Mayan society? What group was in the lowest class?
The all-powerful priests were at the top, while slaves were the lowest.