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38 Cards in this Set

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Great Northwest Indians
chinooks and Makahs
The Southwest Indians
Hopis and Navajos
Great Plains Indians
Mandans and Kiowas
Eastern Woodland Indians
Iroquios and Cherokees
Middle America
Mayas and Aztec
Chinooks
lived together in Clans
controlled the columbia river to the dalles
Made others pay to use river
potlatches
Special parties to show off wealth sometimes planned for years (Chinook)
These indians lived in pit houses
Chinooks
The climate is too wet for agriculture short growing season so get most of food through trade lots of fish dear and bear
The Great northwest
Hunted whales at sea
Makahs
Makahs
had totem poles outside house
Hopi
means peaceful one
Climate arid and dry Used water from undergrougn springs or rain water
stored food for times of drought
Southwest area
These were pueblo indians
The Hopi
Learned from the pueblos but weren't pueblos
navajo
Navajo
lived in a hogan (cone shaped house by covering log with mud or grass
A religious leader and healer for the navajo indians
Shaman (would call upon the gods to give people special favors)
Lived in the forests along the missouri river in North Dakota Had buffalo hunt twice a year
Mandans
Mandans
lived in lodges or circular houses
Kiowas
these indians were nomads that FOLLOWED THE BUFFALO
Lived in tepees
kiowas
travois
a carrier make of two poles with a skin over them attached to a dog
thick forests - rugged snow covered mountains in north, hot wet swams in south
Eastern woodlands
Were very powerful and made up of many groups of tribes that spoke same language and lived near each other
Iroquois
Iroquois League
formed by dekanawida and Hiawatha to work for peace.
confederation
the group government formed when each tribe governed themselves but had a council to make decisions that affected the whole nation
Cherokees
had summer (large box shaped) and winter (small pit houses)
lived in houses built close together in villages governed by a cheif
Cherokee
What game was called Little War
Lacrosse (played by Cherokee)
Ceremonies held in temple in each cherokee village
Green corn Ceremony
healing ceremonies
The Mayas
500 BC in the time of the Olmes. Had city states
What is a city-state
a city with its own ruler and government
With the mayans what were the social classes
priests
nobles
traders
farmers
slaves
Mayan Slaves
They had to carry out order
Were slaves because of a crime they committed
Invented the calendar
picture writing
counting using zero
Mayas
Aztecs
began as nomads until AC 1200
capital of the aztec
Tenochtitlan built in th emiddle of tlake texcoco
Had an emperor and a large army
Aztecs