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10 Cards in this Set

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PROC. 103.1 - ARTERIAL TOURNIQUETS
What precautions are followed when using an arterial tourniquet? (2)
1. Always leave the tourniquet in full view, not covered by a bandage or MAST suit.
2. Mark "T" on the patient's forehead and note the time of application.
ASPIRIN
What is the duration of action of aspirin?
4 hours
PROC. 101.7 - NASOPHARYNGEAL AIRWAY
State the indication for the use of a nasopharyngeal airway.
Upper airway obstruction.
Particularly useful when oral airway can not be used, eg,
1. Clenching of the teeth, trismus with fitting
2. Injuries to the mouth.
Because of risk of epstaxis, should only be used when upper airway obstruction persists after removal of foreign material, maximum head tilt and jaw lift.
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
What are the 3 layers of a blood vessel?
1. Tunica intima
2. Tunica media
3. Tunica adventitia
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
What are the names of the 2 atrio-ventricular valaves and where are they located?
1. Bicuspid valve - left side
2. Tricuspid valve - right side
PROC. 101.7 - NASOPHARYNGEAL AIRWAY
State a complication with using a nasopharyngeal airway.
Risk of inducing epistaxis.
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
What are the 3 layers of the heart?
1. Endocardium
2. Myocardium
3. Epicardium (pericardium)
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
What are the three components of an ECG and what does each represent?
1. P wave - atrial contraction
2. QRS waves - ventricular contraction
3. T wave - ventricular repolarisation
PROC. 103.1 - ARTERIAL TOURNIQUETS
State the indications for the use of arterial tourniquets. (2)
1. To arrest haemorrhage in situations where direct pressure is not possible or all other methods have failed.
2. Trapped patient with compression immediately prior to release.
PHARM. 209 - GLYCERYL TRINITRATE
What are the uses of glyceryl trinitrate? (2)
1. Chest pain in myocardial infarction or ischaemia (angina) is suspected.
2. Cardiogenic pulmonary oedema provided BP > 100 mmHg systolic.