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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Design
to organize visual sensations and assign an order/meaning to them. (synonyms: plan, organize)
Line
A mark whose length is considerably greater than its width.
Line quality
The appearance of a line, depending on instrument, substrate and hand of the artist
Outline
Real or imaginary lines that describe shapes and their edges or boundaries.
Implied line
real or imaginary line that divides space and directs the viewer's eye around the composition. (synonym: psychic line)
Contour line
Line that adds interior detail to an outline and provides clues about volume and describes real edges within and outline
Gestural line
dynamic, free-form line used to convey action
Value line
line used to create value. examples: hatching, crosshatching, stippling, screening
Shape
1: An enclosed area that is identifiably distinct from its background and other shapes

:2a figure that appears to be flat (2D)
Form
1: Refers to apparent solidity or three-dimensionality of a drawn or painted object

2: a figure that appears to be 3D
Edge
a boundary along which two different areas, or surfaces meet
Mass
apparent solidity of a form (synonym: positive space)
Volume
apparent space around a form (Synonym: negative space)
Geometric shape
mechanical shape created by mathamatical formula
organic shape
shape based on shapes found in nature
Invented shape
shape that does not contain context or order
abstract
to simplify an object down to its essential elements
overlapping
implying shape by obscuring part of an image by another one that seems to lie between it and the viewer
Abutting
implying shape by arranging objects so that they share a common edge (synonym: juxtapose)
interlocking
implying shape by fitting one object's edge into an adjoining object like a jigsaw puzzle
texture
describes sensations received tactiley
visual texture
sensations received visually but interpreted tactilely
actual texture
the superficial look/feel of a surface
local texture
an attempt to visually depict actual texture
interpretive texture
an attempt to capture the essense of actual texture
collage
a composition formed from found materials glued or sewn onto a service.
impasto
use of thick paint with a brush or knife strokes that show as textural effects
spatial
pertaining to or creating the illusion of space
foreground
in a 2D work, the area that seems closest to the viewer.
middle ground
in a 2D work, the area that appears to lie in a middle distance between the foreground and background
background
in a 2D work, the area that appears the farthest from the viewer, also creates an illusion of three-dimensional depth
horizon line
the distant point at which sky and ground appear to meet
vanishing point
point toward which all lines, aside from viewers normal to viewer's sight line, will recede or converge
value
relative lightness or darkness of an object. influences perception of space and emotional response
value gradations
gradual stages between light and dark
Why do we design?
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