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11 Cards in this Set

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thyroid gland
located in the neck, attached to the trachea
parathyroid glands
embedded in the posterior surface of the thyroid gland
simple goiter
enlarged thyroid; iodine is lacking in the diet, the thyroid gland is unable to produce the thyroid hormones.
cretinism
thyroid fails to develop properly; individuals are short and stocky
hypothyroidism
in adults; undersecretion of thyroid hormones
mysedema
occurence of hypothyroidism produces the condition, weight gain, loss of hair, slower pulse rate, lowered body temp.
exophthalmic goiter
thyroid is overactive and a goiter forms; eye protusion, nervous, irritable, insomnia
calcitonin
regulates blood calcium level; hormone released by the thyroid that lowers blood calcium levels
parathyroid glands
raises the blood calcium levels; opposite of calcitonin
tetany
continuous muscle contraction; dramatic drop in the blood calcium level
Graves Disease
thyroid is overactive; hyperthyroidism