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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Stimson Doctrine
~The doctrine stated that the US merely refused to recognize Japan’s take-over of China; and later resulted in Japans withdrawal from the LoN.
Good Neighbor Policy 1933
~From FDR, it hoped to correct political inequalities between the US and L.AM; US stops all military intervention in L.AM.
Nye Committee 1934-1936
~A committee on war profiteers, it exposed manufacturers of devices of war and how they had encouraged and profited form the US entering WWI.
Isolationism vs. internationalism
~Internationalists believe countries should work together to prevent war. Isolationists believe the US should stay away from alliances that might compromise US interests and policy.
Neutrality Acts 1935-1937
~1935: embargoed sales of arms to all involved in wars; 1936: banned loans or giving credit to those involved in wars. The legislation was useless to stop dictators in E. Europe.
Cash and carry 1939
~A way around the neutrality acts, they allowed belligerents to buy supplies other then arms, an d transport them back in their own ships, but only if they paid cash, up front in hopes of avoiding US dependence on GB through debt.
Lend-Lease 1940
~FDR allows GB to lease war equipment and ships, while paying rent, but just as a way around the neutrality acts.
Destroyers for Bases 1940*
~Small fast warships leased to GB from the US in 1941.
Atlantic Charter
~The document stated common aims of the US and GB, condemned Nazi tyranny, and encouraged the 4 freedoms; was essentially an unofficial list of war aims.
Four Freedoms
~As laid out in the Atlantic charter, they were freedom: of speech & expression, worship, from want, and from fear.
Trade embargo against Japan 1941
~US embargoed Japanese trade, froze their assets in US banks, and banned shipment of oil and metal to Japan; was the direct cause of Pearl Harbor.
Attack on Pearl Harbor Dec 7, 1941
~Japan planned a surprise attack on the Pacific base (HI), and caused US to enter into WWII.
Fall of the Philippines 1942
~The US retreated from the PH when British Singapore fell to Japan.
The Big Three
~The grand alliance of FDR, Churchill, and Stalin that maintained a united front throughout the war. (men from USSR and industrial capacity of US = success)
Operation Torch / North African Campaign 1942
~US and GB invade N. Africa, giving troops experience for European invasion, and brought them in direct contact with German troops.
Battle of Midway 1942
~The first decisive naval battle that the US won, and also broke Japanese supremacy in the Pacific.
~American soldiers who fought in WWII
~Women’s groups in service during WWII, allowing women to enter into a domain formerly reserved for men.
Office of War Mobilization (OWB)
~The board assumed control over important materials like steel, aluminum, and copper, and helped to eliminate bottlenecks, distributing them more efficiently.
Manhattan Project
~Scientists discovered that nuclear fission release large amounts of energy, and FDR employed 100,000 scientists and workers to build the first atomic bombs in secret.
War Labor Board (WLB)
~Created by FDR to end labor strikes and riots, to keep up war efficiency; board had power to seize control of any dispute to ensure speedy resolution.
Japanese relocation and internment 1942-1945
~Evacuated Japanese from wets coast to internment centers in the center of the country, because they were believed to be a threat to US security.
A. Philip Randolph
~Leader of the Brotherhood of sleeping car porters, a union of black workers; he organized a march on DC to demand better jobs and less segregation in the military for AF-AM’s.
Double V Campaign*
~Victory at home and Victory abroad, the paper pushed for civil rights for AF-AM’s.
Zoot Suit Riots 1943
~Sailors invaded Hispanic neighborhoods looking for zoot suiters who attacked a sailor; riots were blamed on Hispanic men present.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
~organized to use passive non-violent resistance to promote desegregation in public spaces.
D-Day June 6, 1944
~Under Eisenhower 3 million supported Allied invasion of Europe across the English channel.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower
~In command of operation overlord, commanded European invasion.
Battle of the Bulge December, 1944
~The German counter-attack to D-Day which was turned back by the allies under Patton’s tank rescue.
General Douglas MacArthur
~The US’s mili9tary hero in ’42-’43 who argued for centrality of far east for US interests and primacy of the Pacific campaign.
Yalta Conference 1945
~Churchill, FDR, & Stalin meet in Yalta, USSR, but Churchill is afraid that Stalin wants to take over power left by Japan and Germany’s defeat.
Death of FDR April 12, 1945
~Died at Warm Springs, GA; largest period of morning since assignation of AL, as FDR had become father and protector of the US.
President Harry S. Truman 1945-1952
~Became president after death of FDR; from Kansas City, MO.
V-E Day May 8, 1945
~Day of Germany’s surrender after both Mussolini and Hitler died.
World Bank / International Monetary Fund (IMF) 1944
~To improve trade by stabilizing international currencies.
United Nations Organization (UNO) 1945
~The UN had 11 members on the security council which oversaw the general assembly composed of delegates from all member nations.
General Assembly
~ The assembly of the UN which was composed of delegates from all member nations.
Security Council
~The security council had 11 members and oversaw the general assembly.
Potsdam Conference July-August, 1945
~Conference of Stalin, Truman, and Churchill about how to administer fallen Germany.
Decision to drop the atomic bombs August, 1945
~ Truman just wants quickest end to war with Japan, at expense of fewest lives.
Hiroshima & Nagasaki August, 1945
~ Hiroshima killed 80,000 and Nagasaki killed 60,000 Japanese civilians and soldiers at expense of end to war.
V-J Day August 15, 1945
~Day of Japanese surrender/ agreement of peace by emperor Hirohito.