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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
commercial capitalism
private business based on profit
Yong Le
Son of Ming Hong Wu
Became emperor of Ming dynasty
Built large monuments
strengthened Great Wall
Construction of Beijing
Sent naval voyages to Africa coast
Imperial City
In Beijing
Renovations
Was once the palace of Mongol
Compound of halls, walls, offices, apartments...
Known as Forbidden City
Ming dynasty
Time: c. 1368-1644
Founder: Ming Hong Wu
Achievements: Made peace with nomadic tribes
Used civil service examination (Good gov't)
Completed Grand Canal
Novels
Golden Lotus
Novel about corrupt life of wealthly landlord in late Ming period
Zheng He
Led naval voyages for Yong Le
Went into Indian Ocean and to the west
Through Southeast Asia and to western coast of India and to East Africa
Brought giraffes
(Ming dynasty)
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
(2 great unifier)
Succesor of Oda Nobunaga
Farmer's son who became a military commander
Located his capital at Osaka
Helped unify Japan
Kangxi
Of Qing dynasty
Greatest emperor of Chinese history
Political skill
Strong character
Tolerant of Christians
Ruled for 61 years
Daimyo
Heads of noble families
Controlled own lands
Warred with neighbors
Qianlong
Of Qing dynasty
Great ruler
After
Ruled during Qing was declining
Rejected Lord George Macartney's request for more liberal trade policies
The Dream of the Red Chamber
Novel by Cao Xuegin
About tragic love between 2 people
White Lotus Rebellion
Time: 1796-1804
Suppressed but weakened Qing dynasty
Oda Nobunaga
(1 great unifier)
Seized imperial capital of Kyoto and controlled
Helped unify Japan
Placed reigning shogun under his control
Tried to consolidate his rule throughout the central plains
Banners
Military units of Manchu
Chief fighting force of Qing dynasty
porcelain
blue and white
Admired by Europeans
Li Zicheng
Led peasant revolt during Ming Dynasty
clan
dozens or hundreds of related families
Linked by a clan council of elders and a variety of common social religious activities
Made it possible for wealthier families to help poorer relatives
Queue
Braided pigtail
Worn by Manchu
Francis Xavier
First Jesuit missionary
Went to Asia
Guangzhou
Southern China
Portuguese expelled
Yi dynasty
In Korea
"Hermit Kingdom"
Qing dynasty
time:1644-1911
Made by Manchu
Restored peace and prosperity
Made everyone dress Manchu so they could identify rebels
Ihara Saikaku
One of Japan's greatest writers
"Five Women Who Loved Love"
Manchus
Farming and hunting people
Lived northeast of Great Wall in Manchuria (not
in China)
Overtook Li Zicheng's army
Created new dynasty (Qing)
2 percent of pop.
hostage system
daimyo required to maintain 2 residences:
1 in their own lands
1 in Edo where the court of the shogun was located
Tokugawa Ieyasu
(3 great unifier)
Daimyo of Edo (Tokyo) took control of Japan
Took title of shogun
Helped unify Japan
Tokugawa rulers completed the restoration of central authority begun by Nobunaga and Hideyoshi
Brought about the "Great Peace"
eta
Japan's outcasts
Tokugawa made laws to regulate residence, dress, hairstyles of eta
Tokugawa era
Achieved/Developed:
class systems
art
Literature
Kabuki theatre
culture burst
Warrior class of Japan
1.Shogun-below emperor, distributer of national rice crop
2.Daimyo-recieved land and rice in exchange for military service
3.Samurai-received rice in exchange for service as adviser, castle guard, gov't official
4.Ronin-warriors w/out master, traveled the country-side seeking employment
Matsuo Basho
Literary figure in Tokugawa Japan
Haiku poems
hans
domains
Japan divided in to territoris called hans
Each was ruled by a daimyo