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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Olfactory
I-Smell
Optic
II-Vision
Oculomotor
III-movement of eyelid and down eyeball-pupil constriction
Trochlear
IV-Movement of Eyeball up
Trigeminal
V-chewing, facial sensation
Abducents
VI-lateral eye movement
Facial
VII-facial expression
Vestobulocochlesar
VIII-hearing and balance
Glossopharyngeal
IX-swallowing movements
Vagus
X-Visceral muscles
Accessory
XI-head movement
Hypoglossal
XII-tongue movements
List the 4 brain waves and what each indicated
alpha-found when awake
beta-nervous system is active
theta-children and emotionally stressesd adults
delta-asleep; if awake means brain damage
List the 4 General brain parts and what each contains
brainstem-pons, medulla, midbrain
diencephalon-thalamus and hypothalamus
cerebrum-most of brain
cerebellum-balance
What are the functions of the hypothalamus
-autonomic system
-normal body temperature
-breathing
-GI tract movement
-hormones
-fight or flight
-rage and agression
-food and thirst
-sleep patterns
What are the 3 functional areas of the cerebral cortex and what each controls
sensory-interpretation of sight, taste, touch, hearing
motor-govern muscle movement
association-memory, reasoning, personal traits, intellegence
What are the functions of the cerebellum
coordinates muscles, controls posture, controls skeletal muscles for balance
Explain the difference b/w CNS and PNS
CNS-brain and spinal cord, sensory input, motor output
PNS-crainial and spinal nerves, sensory output, motor input
recording of brain waves
EEG
membrane to membrane junction b/w a neuron and another cell
synapse
nerve cell
neuron
membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
meninges
fluid that circulates through subarachnoid space and cavities
cerebralspinal fluid
What are the 3 vital reflex centers and where are they found?
A.Heartbeat
B. Breathing
C. Blood Pressure
-Medulla
OTHERS-swalling, vomit, sneeze, cough
list the 4 main plexuses
-cervical
-lumbar
-brachial
-saccral
viral infection of spinal gray matter causes paralysis
polio
damage to motor centers in cerebellum, cortex during development
cerebral palsy
basal ganglia degenerate causing low dopamine that causes unnecessary skeletal muscle movement
parkinsons's disease
destruction of neuron sheath so inpulse transmission is interrupted
multiple sclerosis
abnormal and irregular discharges of electricity from neurons in the brain
epilepsy
inability to comprehend written language
dyslexia
virus infection causing brain swelling and violent death (saliva)
rabies
memory loss, disorientation, deficient in acetylcholine
senility