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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
demography
FC:
large scale
stat study of pop processes
ex: fertility, mortality, migration
institutional approch
FC:
how simliar institutions in all cultures; economic, religious, political, affect culture in different ways
effect of institutional change on kibuyu marriage
FC:
adoption of western morals changed traditions in youth, married later
relationship of bridewealth, polygyny , education
FC;
^education= -bridewealth, polygyny
victimization trends for household/property& violent crime
1. Blax/Hispx
2. blax+more likely than whtz:
hispx +more lukely than -hispx
offending trends
2/3 whtz
30% blx
(charged)
typ offender/victim crime re: race
intraracial
willie horton
poster child bush sr.
crack v coke & racial disparities
Crack – cheaper form of drug, more heavily used by the poor and minorities
Cocaine – more expensive, used more heavily by upper-class whites
Federal Law
5 g of crack – 5 year mandatory sentence
500 g of cocaine – 5 year maximum sentence
rell betw race crim
1/3 of Black men supervised by Criminal Justice system
Why is race related to crime?
Exposure to crime
Community (age structure)
Culture
Economic status
Social learning
Family Structure
Theories in Crime
soc str
soc lrn
soc disrg
conflct
soc strain
– Disjunction between things want to attain and means to get it
differential association
SOCIAL LEARNING
Learn delinquency from delinquents
social disorganization
Difficult to assert control over community members
lo income transient pop = -developmont community
conflict theory
C.J. system reflects oppressed groups
white collor v petty krime
sentencing diffs
goin affter wrong guy
sentencing guidelines
used to 'even' out sentencing maldistribution.
if do this, + this = X years
Segmented assimilation
diverse poss pathways + outcomes in th process of adaption
3 paths of (segmented) assimilation
1 adopt mainstream culture (what euros did)

2 underclass assimilation (poor immigrants live in poor communities, get poor traits)

3 maintaining ethnice values (possible in enclaves, tight families)
pathway trad. taken by imms
total assimi
ehtnic enclave
self supportin community. almost onl one group
factors affectin the assimi process
1 location of settlement (montana v bronx)

2 economy/job market

3 policies on immigration
+ & - consequences of each path of assimi
1 ADOPT MAINSTREAMM CULTURE
+ sees advancement quickly
- conflict w/ group->anxiety/resentment

2 UNDERCLASS ASSIMILATION
+ some sort of identity comfort
- low level of SES/Pol advance
- stigmaed by greater society

3 MAINTAINING NATIVE ETHNIC VALUES
+ degree of SES/Pol advance
(b/c pooled resources)
+ less discrimination
+ strong norms/values for kids
+ strong social network
+ collective supervision
-
- tendency for conflict/anxity as kids
- lack of diversity of skills/resources
- less incentive to learn english
2 negatives of ;
[2] UNDERCLASS ASSIMILATION
- low level of SES/Pol advance
- stigmaed by greater society
5 positives of :
[3] MAINTAINING ETHNIC VALUES
+ degree of SES/Pol advance
(b/c pooled resources)
+ less discrimination
+ strong norms/values for kids
+ strong social network
+ collective supervision
5 negativesof :
[3] MAINTAINING ETHNIC VALUES
- tendency for conflict/anxity as kids
- lack of diversity of skills/resources
- less incentive to learn english
1 postives of:
[2] UNDERCLASS ASSIMILATION
+ some sort of identity comfort
[1] ADOPT MAINSTREAM CULTURE
+ sees advancement quickly

- conflict w/ group->anxiety/resentment
discrim in crim justince
1 Arrest
DWB – 1992 Maryland CLU vs. MDPD

2 Court
low ses =NO bail$

3 Charging
26% white males fully prosecuted, 39% of Black males fully prosecuted

4 Sentencing
(85%) Hispanics & (78%) Blacks more likely to be incarcerated and for longer time than whites (72%)
Sentencing guidelines takes some of the subjectiveness out of sentencing
Attribution Theory
Humans make decisions with bounded rationality – guess at what’s going to happen
So, judges fall back on stereotypes and statistical discrimination