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22 Cards in this Set

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anemia
a condition in which the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood is reduced due to low hematocrit or low blood hemoglobin concentrations
embolism
a condition in which a drifting blood clot (embolus) becomes stuck in a blood vessel, blocking circulation to the area downstream
erythrocytosis
a polycythemia involving red blood cells only
hematocrit
the percentage of whole blood volume occupied by cellular elements
hematology
the study of blood and its disorders
hematuria
the presence of red blood cells in the urine
hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)
a condition in which fetal red blood cells are destroyed by maternal antibodies
hemophilia
inherited disorders characterized by inadequate production of clotting factors
heterologous marrow transplant
the transplantation of bone marrow from one individual to another to replace bone marrow destroyed during cancer therapy
hypoxia
low tissue oxygen levels
jaundice
a condition characterized by yellow skin and eyes, resulting from abnormally high levels of bilirubin in the plasma
leukemia
a cancer of blood-forming tissues characterized by extremely elevated levels of circulating white blood cells; includes both myeloid leukemia (abnormal granulocytes or other cells of the bone marrow) and lymphoid leukemia (abnormal lymphocytes)
leukopenia
inadequate numbers of white blood cells in the bloodstream
normovolemic
having a normal blood volume
phlebotomy
the process of withdrawing blood from a vein
polycythemia
an elevated hematocrit accompanied by a normal blood volume
septicemia
a dangerous condition in which bacteria and bacterial toxins are distributed throughout the body in the bloodstream
sickle cell anemia
an anemia resulting from the production of an abnormal form of hemoglobin; causes red blood cells to become sickle shaped at low oxygen levels
thalassemia
an inherited blood disorder resulting from the production of an abnormal form of hemoglobin
thrombus
a blood clot attached to the internal surface of a blood vessel
transfusion
a procedure in which blood components are given to someone to restore blood volume or to remedy some deficiency in blood composition
venipuncture
the puncturing of a vein for any purpose, including the withdrawal of blood or administration of medicine