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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Bone
calcified organs composing the skeleton
cartilage
substance from which bone ossifies; a type of connective tissue
joint, articulation
junction between bones
head
enlarged round end of a long bone
neck
constriction of a bone near its head
body
broadest or longest mass of a bone
shaft
body of a long bone, diaphysis
symphysis
union of complementary right and left halves at the midline
eminence
low convexity (just perceptible)
process
projection
spine
pointed projection or sharp process
crest
ridge or border
condyle
polished or rounded articular surface
epicondyle
elevation above or proximal to a condyle
trochlea
spool-shaped articular surface
facet
small articular area
fossa (pl. fossae)
shallow depression
foramen (pl. foramina)
hole; perforation
canal
tubular passage
epiphyis
ends of long bone
diaphysis
middle/shaft of long bone
bony connective tissues in bone is two types:
dense (compact) and spongy (cancellous)
Bones consist of _____ connective tissue, and also contain _____, cartilage in their ______ surfaces, and ______ ____.
bones are organs that consist primarily of osseous connective tissue, also contain nerves, cartilage in their articular surfaces and growth plates, fibrous connective tissue (lining their cavities, and covering external surfaces, and blood vessels.
lamellae
organized concentric rings
osteon is composed of a set of ____ around a ____ canal
osteon is composed of a set of lamellae around a central canal.
osteocytes:
1) what
2) where
bone cells that occupy spaces (lacunae) lamellae between and are connected by extensions existing in canals that connect lacunae.
canaliculi
-canals that connect lacunae.
-permit communication and nutrietns to flow between osteocytes.
spongy cone consists of thin sheets of bone called ____
trabeculae, that are aligned alng lines of stress