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25 Cards in this Set

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The ANATOMICAL POSITION is the standard reference point from which ALL other anatomical descriptions are made. What is this position?
-Standing erect
-Head, eyes, and toes facing forward
-Arms by the side, hands facing forward
-Legs together feet facing forward
What are the MAJOR ANATOMICAL PLANES OF REFERENCE?
-MEDIAN: Vertical plane passing longitudinally dividing the body into right/left halves
-SAGITTAL: Vertical plane passing parallel to the medan plane
-CORONAL: Vertical plane passing through the body dividing it into front and back parts
-HORIZONTAL: Transverse plane passing through the body dividing it into upper and lower parts
anterior/ventral
front surface of the body
posterior/dorsal
back surface of the body
superior/cranial/cephalic
toward the head
inferior/caudal
toward the feet
proximal
toward the (midline of) trunk
distal
farther from the (midline of) trunk
medial
toward the median plane
lateral
farther from the median plane
central
toward the center
peripheral
away from the center
parietal
outer wall of a cavity
visceral
inner surface covering an organ
superficial
closer to surface
intermediate
between other structures
deep
farther from surface
What is FLEXION movement?
bending, decresing the angle between a joint (joint angle is measured from 0° - to specific degrees of motion ( example: elbow flexion of 90° is documented 0° to 90°)
*Exceptions: DORSIFLEXION is the flexion of ankle toward the head. PLANTARFLEXION is flexion of the ankle away from the head.
What is EXTENSION movement?
Straightening, increasing the angle in a joint
What is ABDUCTION movement?
moving away from the median plane (midline)
What is ADDUCTION movement?
moving toward the median plane (midline)
What is ROTATION movement?
turning (a part) along it's longitudinal axis
What is CIRCUMDUCTION movement?
movement of the distal end in a circular fashion
What is ELEVATION movement?
movement (of a part) superiorly (ie. shrugging of the shoulders)
What is DEPRESSION movement?
movement (of a part) inferiorly (ie. opposite of elevation)