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21 Cards in this Set

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Morphemes
is the smallest unit which has it's own inherent meaning, but is not necessarily a word.
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
this put fourth the idea that language was not just used to vocalize ideas, but that it sets down a consistent set of expressions which sets people up to seeing the world in a certain light.
Holism
The discovery of how all the parts of a culture (social, political, etc) fit together and relate to each other. A very important principle of anthropology.
Cultural Relativism
Is the judging and interpreting of the beliefs and behaviors of others in terms of thir traditions and experiences. -- Looking at other cultures and understanding them from their point of view.
Informant
A person who gives anthropologist information during his or her stay.
Enculturation
Is the transmission of a system of shared beliefs, values, customs and behaviors from generation to generation through language.
Call System
a small repertoire of sounds used in communication; 10-15 different sounds
Phonemes
the building blocks of language - the minimal unit of distinct sound feature in a language.
Ethnocentrim
is the judging and interpreting of the beliefs and behaviors of others in terms of one's own cultural values and traditions. -- "my way is best" and you try to change it *not good*
Technology
is the skill and knowledge used to make or extract resources.
Kinesics
communication through body movement
Open System
the number of messages that can be conveyed is infinite - human language is an open system
Environment
is one's surroundings:
Physical, biotic and social
Paradigm
is a broad scientific explanation that provides the framework for scientific thought and research
Environment -- Physical
includes such things as climate, terrain and rainfall patterns
Environment -- Biotic
is the plant and animal life (flora and fauna)
Environment -- Social
is our interactions with other members of our species
Semantics
the study of the larger system of meaning created by words
Fieldwork
The firsthand observation of human societies, a way to gather data and test hypotheses
Culture shock
is psychic distress caused by the strain of adjusting to a different culture
C. Darwin
Evolution; survival of the fittest; the origin of species by means of natural selection. Darwin felt his most important contribution was his theory that natural selection was the basis for evolution