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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the DSM IV criteria for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
Defined by obsession:
Recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images experienced at some time during the disturbance. Intrusive and inappropriate and cause marked anxiety or distress.
Not simply excessive worries
Attempts to ignore or suppress such thoughts, impulses, or images, or to neutralize
recognizes that the obsessional thoughts, impulses, or images are a product of his or her own mind
Defined by compulsions:
Compulsions are repetitive behaviors
Behaviors or mental acts are aimed at reducing distress or preventing some dreaded event or situation.
What are the typical comorbid conditions with OCD?
MDE - 67%
Social Phobias - 25%
What are the OCD classifications and a brief description of each?
Symptom Clusters (group of symptoms a patient experiences that often matches up with corresponding compulsions":
Checking Compulsions - Aggressive, sexual, religious, or somatic obsessions
Symmetry obsessions - Ordering/arranging, counting, or repeating compulsions
Contamination obsessions - Cleaning compulsions
Hoarding obsessions - hording/collecting compulsions
What are some conditions associated with OCD?
Tourette's Disorder
Hypochondriasis - physical health as the obsession
Body Dysmorphic Disorder - obsession of "body parts"
Impulse contol disorders such as kleto and pathological gambling (not really OCDs)
PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococal Infections)
Schizophrenia "Schizo-obsessive" - patients with OCD may deteriorate and start to look like a schizophrenic patient
What is the gold standard in OCD treatment?
What areas of a PET scan are specific for OCD
Anterior orbitalfrontal cortex and caudate nucleus
What is the standard of care for OCD treatment?
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) - Exposure and response prevention (let them do something that causes the compulsion and don't let them compulse... hahahahahah!!! suffer biatch!)