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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what does xylem do?
assist in water going up
what does phloem do?
assist in sugar doing down
what is vascular tissue?
the plant tissue called xylem and phloem it is specialized for
the transport of water and nutrients
example of a protected gamete in a land plant
what is the order for the origin of plants?
green algae
early vascular plants
seed plants
flowering plants
what is charophytea?
green algae -- from paleozoic era
what are bryophytes?
mosses -- from paleozoic era

what are ferns and horectalia?
early seedless vascular plants-- from paleozoic era
what are gymnosperms?
first seed plants (conifers) -- from paleozoic era
what are angiosperms?
flowering plants -- from the MESOZOIC era
what does moss need to live?
a wet habitat
Mosses lack these three things
vascular tissue
thick cuticle or stomata
how do mosses reproduce?
male sperm swims from male gametophyte; therefore ...
no water, no swim, no mo' moss.
what is the thallus?
main plant body o' moss

it's not organized into roots or shoots
what food does the thallus look like?
corn flakes
who has sporangia?
both moss and ferns
how do liverworts (marchantia) reproduce?
sexually or asexually
3 examples of seedless vascular plants?
club mosses
what are the three most important things that seedless vascular plants have?
vascular tissue
lignified tissue
depend on water for fertilization
what are the most common and successful seedless vascular plants
what are fronds?
leaves of ferns
what does sporangia do?
produce spores
what are sori?
spots on the bottom of ferns that contain the sporangia
what's a rhizome?
a fern root--
it's like a stem, runs along/under ground
what are carboniferous forests?
vast swamp eras in the paleozoic era
now they are coal!
what happens when coal is burned?
carbon is released into the atmosphere as CO2

contributes to greenhouse effect
what types of plants dominate most landscapes?
seed plants
what did pollen eliminate the need for?
water for fertilization
what are the two groups of plants?
gymnosperms and angiosperms
what kind of seed do gymnosperms have?
what are conifers?
cone bearing plants-- evergreens
what are needle-shaped leaves adapted for?
dry conditions
what are three types of conifers?
Bristlecone (Methusaleh is 4600 y. old)
Pacific Yew (Taxol used for breast cancer treatment)
two other gynosperms
cycads- palm-like
ginko biloba
tell me about ginko biloba
it is a common city tree

smelly female treees-- better to plant males
what is coevolution?
when two species evolve to benefit each other mutually-- mutualism
what is mutualism?
both benefit
how did insects coevolve with flowers?
they see yellow and blue flowers
how did birds coevolve with flowers?
they see red flowers and use tubular shapes or strong landing platforms for their beaks
how did moths coevolve with flowers?
they see white flowers
why do angiosperms produce fruits and flowers?
they help them reproduce

it is an evolutionary adaptation
what are the major parts of a flower's anatomy?
anther, carpel, ovule, petal

pollen sepal stamen
what does the flower's anther do?
produce pollen
what is the stigma
pollen tube
examples of flowers made up of many flowers
dandelion, sunflower
what phylum are angiosperms?
how do conifers limit self-pollination?
the male have cones are on the outside
the female have cones on inside
Five qualities of dinoflagellates
1. Unicellular,
2. marine,
3. flagella,
4. toxins,
5. red tides (blooms)
1.All live in water, or heterotroph,
3.uni or multicellular,
4. sessile or motile
5. free or parasite,
6. 60,000 species
6 qualities of kingdom protista
Stuff a paramecium has
Anal pore,
food vacuole,
contractile vacuole,
macro and micronucleus,
pellicle, gullet, trichocysts
Motile (swims w/flagella)
photoautotroph or heterotroph (mixotroph
PSP—Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning
What can the bioaccumulation of dinoflagellates in shellfish cause?
Many genera produce toxins, may become abundant (bloom/red tide), can harm fish and people
Why dinoflagellate is called terrible
Can dinoflagellates do any good in the world? If so, what?
They can light up surface water! Bioluminescence!
Stuff inside the wild Euglena!
Flagellum, nucleolus, nucleus, chloroplasts, stored polysaccharaides from photosynthesis, contractile vacuole, photoreceptor, pigment shield
Three bad protests!
Plasmodium, giardia, trypanosoma
2.3 billion at risk; 3-500 million infected; 120 million cases; 1.5- 3 million die (one child every 20 sec)
The tragedy of malaria
Furry animal-like protests
Extremely cool diatom qualities
Unicellular, marine, SILICA FRUSTULES!
Protist carried by tsetse fly, causes African sleeping sickness
If dinoflagellates build up in shellfish like oysters, clams, and muscles, what is it called?
5 qualities of protozoa
Animal-like protests; unicellular; heterotrophic; free living or parasites; motile
Unicellular, multicellular or colonial; autotrophic; plant-like protests
3 qualities of algae in general
Example of a ciliate
Diatoms and dinoflagellates are both:
Phytoplankton; unicellular; photoautotrophs; marine; algae
Two important phytoplankton
Diatoms and dinoflagellates
Four kingdoms of domain eukaryia
Protista, plantae, fungi, animalia
How do paramecium reproduce?
Flagellated protist of malaria
Intestinal parasite protist from contaminated water, ingested in cyst stage
4 things an amoeba has
Plasma membrane, plasmagel, plasmasol, pseudopod
How amoebas eat
Whassa pseudopod?
What amoeba uses to move
Malaria vector
Anapholes mosquito
Algae seaweed types
Brown – phaeophyta
Red- rhodophyta
Green- chlorophyta
7500 species
uni & multicellular
colonial (volvox)
or sheet like (ulva)
Chlorophyta (green) algae
Deep water
Warmer water
People eat it—Nori, sushi seaweed!
Rhodophyta (red)
Cold water kelp, rock weed (focus)
Phaephyta (brown)seaweed