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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
HTML stands for...?
Hyper Text Markup Language
An HTML file is a text file containing small...?
markup tags
The markup tags tell the Web browser _________ the page
how to display
An HTML file must have an ___ file extension
htm or html
An HTML file can be created using a...?
simple text editor
The first tag in your HTML document is <html>. This tag tells your browser that this is the start of an HTML document. The last tag in your document is </html>. This tag tells your browser that this is the end of the HTML document.
FYI
HTML tags are used to...?
mark-up HTML elements
HTML tags are surrounded by the ...?
two characters < and >
The surrounding characters are called...?
angle brackets
The first tag in a pair is the ___ and the second tag is the ___?
start tag and end tag
The text between the start and end tags is the...?
element content
<html>
<head>
<title>Title of page</title>
</head>
<body>
This is my first homepage. <b>This text is bold</b>
</body>
</html>
FYI
Tags can have _____.
Attributes.
Attributes can provide additional information about the HTML elements on your page.
Example of an attribute?
<body bgcolor="red">
Attributes always come in ____ pairs.
name/value ...like this: name="value".
Attributes are always added to the.....?
start tag of an HTML element.
Attribute values should always be enclosed in ____.
quotes
The most important tags in HTML are tags that define _______, _____ and ________.
headings,paragraphs,line breaks
Headings are defined with the ____ to _____ tags.
<h1> to <h6> tags. <h1> defines the largest heading. <h6> defines the smallest heading.
Paragraphs are defined with the _____ tag.
<p>
The _____ tag is used when you want to end a line, but don't want to start a new paragraph.
<br>
The <br> tag forces a line break wherever you place it.
The comment tag...?
<!-- This is a comment -->
Examples
http://www.w3schools.com/html/tryit.asp?filename=tryhtml_bodybgcol
http://www.w3schools.com/html/tryit.asp?filename=tryhtml_headers
Defines bold text
<b>
Defines big text
<big>
Defines emphasized text
<em>
Defines italic text
<i>
Defines small text
<small>
Defines strong text
<strong>
Defines subscripted text
<sub>
Defines superscripted text
<sup>
Defines inserted text
<ins>
Defines deleted text
<del>
Defines computer code text
<code>
Defines keyboard text
<kbd>
Defines sample computer code
<samp>
Defines teletype text
<tt>
Defines a variable
<var>
Defines preformatted text
<pre>
Defines an abbreviation
<abbr>
Defines an acronym
<acronym>
Defines an address element
<address>
Defines the text direction
<bdo>
Defines a long quotation
<blockquote>
Defines a short quotation
<q>
Defines a citation
<cite>
Defines a definition term
<dfn>
HTML uses a _______ to link to another document on the Web.
hyperlink
Hyper link example
<p>
<a href="http://www.microsoft.com/">
This text</a> is a link to a page on
the World Wide Web.
</p>
Image as a hyper link example.
<p>
You can also use an image as a link:
<a href="lastpage.htm">
<img border="0" src="buttonnext.gif" width="65" height="38">
</a>
</p>
HTML uses the _____ _____ tag to create a link to another document.
<a> (anchor)
An anchor can point to any resource on the Web: an HTML page, an image, a sound file, a movie, etc.
FYI
The syntax of creating an anchor:
<a href="url">Text to be displayed</a>
The <a> tag is used to create an anchor to link from, the href attribute is used to address the document to link to, and the words between the open and close of the anchor tag will be displayed as a hyperlink.
FYI
what is the Target Attribute
With the target attribute, you can define where the linked document will be opened.
write a Target Attribute example
<a href="http://www.w3schools.com/"
target="_blank">Visit W3Schools!</a>
The ___ _______is used to create a named anchor. When using named anchors we can create links that can jump directly into a specific section on a page, instead of letting the user scroll around to find what he/she is looking for.
name attribute
write and example of a named anchor
<a name="label">Text to be displayed</a>
Write and example of a Two rows and three columns table
<h4>Two rows and three columns:</h4>
<table border="1">
<tr>
<td>100</td>
<td>200</td>
<td>300</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>400</td>
<td>500</td>
<td>600</td>
</tr>
</table>