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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The superior laryngeal artery and internal laryngeal nerve pierce the ...
Thyrohyoid Membrane
identify the labeled structures:
(see figure)
identify the labeled structures:

identify a and b:
(see figure)
a. sinovial joint
b. glottis
identify labeled structures:
(see figure)
the cricoid cartilage is at the level of ... vertebral body
identify the labeled structures:
(see figure)
there is a ... joint between each arytenoid and cricoid cartilage
the arytenoid cartilage is capable of moving:
in three planes: med/lat, ant/post, and rotation.
identify the labeled structures:
(see figure)
describe airflow when you speak:
you are pushing air up through your trachea
what structure lies underneath the vocal fold:
vocal ligament
1. what is the name of the muscle near the arrows?
2. what is the function of this muscle?
1. lateral cricoarytenoid
2. closes glottis - adduction of vocal ligaments
1. what is the name of the muscle near the arrows?
2. what is the function of this muscle
1. posterior cricoarytenoid muscle
2. opens glottis (abduction of vocal ligaments)
what is the most important skeletal muscle in your body:
posterior cricoarytenoid
match the glottal opening with the correct term:

1. whispering
2. full glottal opening
3. normal speech
4. full glottal stop
(see figure)
identify the labeled structures:
(see figure)
identify the labeled structures:
(see figure)
there are 3 main functional laryngeal muscle groups, what do they do:
1. tense or relax the vocal folds
2. open or close the glottis
3. modify the laryngeal aditus
what are the muscles the tense or relax the vocal folds:
1. cricothyroid
2. thyroarytenoid
3. vocalis
4. posterior cricoarytenoid
what are the muscles that open or close the glottis:
1. posterior cricoarytenoid
2. lateral cricoarytenoid
3. transverse arytenoids
what are the muscles that modify the laryngeal aditus:
1. oblique arytenoid
2. aryepiglotticus
the cricoarytenoids ... the vocal ligaments by pulling the thyroid cartilage ...
increase tension/lengthen
what happens if you damage the external laryngeal nerve (cricothyroid)
flaccid vocal cords, monotone voice
what muscle is this:

Lower fibers attach to the arytenoid. Upper fibers continue into the aryepiglottic folds as the thyro-epiglotticus. Contraction shortens and relaxes the Vocal ligament
identify the labeled structures:
(see figure)
what is the function of the thyroepiglottic muscle:
opens the larynx
... are the most important skeletal muscle in the body because they are the only muscles that open the ...
Posterior Cricoarytenoids
Contraction of the Posterior Cricoarytenoids pulls the muscular processes ... rotating the arytenoids ... and (ab/ad)-ducting the vocal folds.
Lateral Cricoarytenoids pulls the muscular process ... rotating the arytenoids ... and (ab/ad)-ducting the vocal ligaments.
identify the labeled structures
(see figure)
During swallowing the ... close the Aryepiglottic Folds and pull the ... forward to contact the epiglottis thus closing the ...
The Transverse Arytenoids close the ...
Oblique Arytenoids
laryngeal inlet
posterior part of the glottis
identify the labeled structures:
(see figure)
identify the labeled structures:
(see figure)
what does the following describe:

the two mucosal folds that run from the arytenoid to lateral edges of the epiglottis that contain muscles fibers – the aryepiglotticus.
Aryepiglottic Folds
the Aryepiglottic folds form the lateral edges of the entrance to the larynx that is called the ...
the laryngeal additus or inlet
The piriform fossa lies between the ... and the ... – lined by internal laryngeal nerves.
aryepiglottic folds
inferior pharyngeal mucosa
what is the function of the Aryepiglotticus Muscle
closes laryngeal inlet
there are two lateral and one median glossepiglottic folds running from the back of the tongue to ... On either side of the median fold are two spaces – the ...
fill in the missing iformation:
(see figure)
Pharyngeal Nerve innervates all the muscles of the
Pharynx except for ... and ...
Stylopharyngeus (9)
Tensor Veli Palatini (V3)
External Laryngeal nerve innervates the ...
Cricothyroid Muscle
inferior constrictor
what is special about the Cricothyroid muscle:
the only external muscle of the larynx
Internal Branch of the
Superior Laryngeal Nerve does
Sensation ...
above the vocal chords
Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve innervates ... and sensory ... also innervates ...
all the internal muscles of the larynx
below vocal chords
inferior constrictor
Superior Laryngeal Nerve splits into ... and
internal laryngeal
external laryngeal
internal laryngeal runs with the ... and pierces the ...
superior laryngeal A.
thyrohyoid membrane
external laryngeal nerve runs with the ...
superior thyroid artery
identify the labeled structures:
(see figure)
... carries preganglionic secretomotor parasympathetic fibers to the larynx
internal laryngeal nerve
the gag reflex is controlled by ... and ...
cn9 in (sensory input)
cn10 out (gagging)
right recurrent laryngeal nerve loops behind the ... On the left it loops behind the ...
subclavian artery
aortic arch
recurrent laryngeal nerve ascends between ... and ... along with ... it enters the larynx beneath the ...
If damaged on one side, ... If both, ...
inferior thyroid artery
inferior constrictor
fixed vocal cord and hoarseness
asphyxiation possible
Left Rec. Laryngeal N. is more
susceptible to damage because
it enters ... and can be damaged by ...
superior mediastinum
aortic arch aneurysm
... and ... provide blood to the larynx
superior thyroid artery
inferior laryngeal branch of the inferior thyroid artery
Swollen nodes palpable to the upper tracheal rings suggest ...
Cancer of larynx
Contraction of the abdominal and thoracic wall muscles, along with forced closure of the glottis is called the ... and is necessary part of several human functions:
Valsalva Maneuver
1. urination
2. defecation
3. childbirth
Thyroidectomy may result in damage to ... nerves
recurrent laryngeal
Cricothyrotomy is ...
Emergency Airway opening
in a ... the incision is made through the skin and cricothyroid membrane