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17 Cards in this Set

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the following describes what:
Action taken to prevent the development of a disease in a person who is well and does not have the disease
Primary Prevention
what are 2 examples of primary prevention:
1.
2.
Immunization
Encourage nonsmoking behavior
the following describes what:
Identification of people who have already developed a disease at an early stage in disease’s natural history through screening and case finding and thus allow for early intervention
Secondary Prevention
what are 2 examples of secondary prevention:
1.
2.
screening for Breast cancer
screening for Colon cancer
... is the usual occurrence of a given disease within an area
Endemic
... is the occurrence in a community or region of a group of illness of a similar nature this is in excess of normal expectancy
Epidemic
... is worldwide epidemic
Pandemic
... is the interval from receipt of infection to the time of onset of clinical illness
Incubation Period
One number divided by another where units are important and there is No NECESSARY relationship between the numerator and denominator
is called a ...
Ratio
There is a NECESSARY relationship between the numerator and the denominator and the denominator contains the numerator describes ...
Proportion
write the ratio of men to women in school
men/women
write the proportion of women to men in school
women/(women + men)
... is a special kind of ratio that always has a unit of time in the denominator
Rate
write the general form of a rate:
a/b*t

where t = time
... is an overall measure of mortality that does not take into account anything about the population characteristics (gender, age, race, etc.)
Crude Mortality Rate
# of deaths (same place and same time period)/midperiod population (same place and same time period)

the above describes what:
crude death rate
infant is ...
neonatal is ...
postneonatal is ...
infant = children under one year of age
neonatal = up to but not including 28 days of age
postneonatal = from 28 days up to but not including 1 year of age