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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
internal carotid artery is intracranial except for ...
forehead
external carotid is extracranial except for ...
meninges
spinal nerves have ... and ... functions, some cranial nerves are strictly ..., some are strictly ... and some are mixed
sensory
motor
motor
sensory
CN 2 (sensory/motor/mixed)
sensory
CN 6 (sensory/motor/mixed)
motor
CN 5 (sensory/motor/mixed)
mixed
which CN's have parasympathetic function
3, 7, 9, and 10
Lateral Rectus (eye muscle) is innervated by:
CN6
Superior Oblique (eye muscle) is innervated by:
CN4
the muscles of the eye are innervated by ... with the exception of 2 mucscles
CN3
identify the labeled cranial nerves by name and number:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
a. cn1 olfactory
b. cn2 optic
c. cn6 abducent
d. cn4 trochlear
e. cn3 oculomotor
identify the labeled nerve and a brief description of function:
a.
b.
c.
d.
a. cn5 (trigeminal)- sensory face
b. cn5 (trigeminal)- muscles of mastication
c. ch7 (facial)- muscles of facial expression
d. intermediate nerve - taste ant. 2/3 tongue(sensory) and submandibular, sublingual, lacrimal glands (motor)
identify the cranial nerves by name and number:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
a. cn8 - vestibulocochlear
b. cn9 - glossopharyngeal
c. cn10 - vagus
d. cn11 - accessory
e. cn12 - hypoglossal
identify the labeled structures/areas:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
identify the target tissue:
1.
2.
3.
a. cns
b. pns
c. ganglion
d. motor neuron cell body
e. ganglion
1. skeletal muscle
2. receptors: pain/pressure/touch
3. smooth muscle
sensory ganglia have cell bodies an (no/a) synapse. autonomic ganglia have cell
bodies and (no/a) synapse.
no
a
identify the directions of the nerve impulses:
<--
-->
-->
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
d.
where are the cell bodies
of origin for axons at
this point?
a. ventral root
b. dorsal root
c. dorsal root ganglion
d. sympathetic chain ganglia
cranial nerves that have sensory function have sensory ganglia like DRGs but these ganglia are individually named. CN 5 has the ... ganglion and CN 7 has the ... ganglion
Trigeminal
Geniculate
sympathetic nerves come from the ... regions of the spinal cord. The preganglionic nerves are (long/short) and synapse where? the postganlionic fibers are (long/shrort)
thoracolumbar
short
adjacent to the spinal cord
long
parasympathetic nerves come from the ... regions of the CNS. They have (long/short) preganglionic nerves which synapse where? the postganlionic fibers are (long/shrort)
craniosacral
long
ganglia near or on target organ
short
what is the function of the sympathetic nervous system?
the 4 f's
fight
flight
fear
sex
what is the function of the parasympathetic nervous system?
homeostasis
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
a. sympathetic postganglionic axon
b. postganglionic cell body
c. sympathetic postganglionic axon
d. paravertebral (sympathetic) ganglion
e. sympathetic preganglionic cell body
f. sympathetic preganglionic axon
identify the labeled structures:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
(answers on slide)
a. T1
b. L2
The only place you will find white rami are from T1 to L2
identify T1 and L2 ganglion:
a.
b.
what makes L2 different from L3?
how does a differ from b?
a has white rami while b does not. a is the rami at L2 and b is the rami at L3
sympathetics to the head virtually all come from the ... spinal cord level
T1
sympathetics to the head do what to the eyelid?
keep the eyelid open
sympathetics to the head ... the pupil while parasympathetics ... the pupil
dialate
constrict
sympathetics to the head ... the blood vessels in the face
constrict
(sympathetics/parasympathetics) innervate the sweat glands?
sympathetics
what happens if you lose the sympathetics to the face? (what is this syndrome called)
Horner’s Syndrome
what are the symptoms of horner's syndrome:
1.
2.
3.
4.
1. constricted pupil
2. droopy eyelid
3. red Face
4. dry Face
what are some possible lesions for horner's syndrome?
1.
2.
3.
4.
1. lower brachial plexus injury
2. tumor of the lung
3. problems with the carotid artery
4. whiplash
identify the labeled structure:
a.
what is the significance of this xray?
inferior cervical ganglion
the tumor can possibly compress the ganglion causing horner's syndrome